Прилог познавању монашења становништва из средњовјековне Босне
Contribution to the Knowledge of the Ordainment in Mediaeval Bosnia
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Based on the existing literature, published as well as unpublished archive material, the paper presents several examples of the process of the ordainment of the inhabitants in Mediaeval Bosnia. It shows the appointment of the Dominican friar Ladislav, native of Sana, to the place of the bishop of Neretlja in Drijeva; ordainment of the brothers Marko and Marin, together with their father Ostoja (church name Andreas) in the priory of Little brothers in Dubrovnik; ordainment of Andrija (fra Augustin) Vlatković in Greben (nowadays Krupa on the river Una) and his later work in the church of St. Mary in Zaostrog; and, finally, the ordainment of the later far famous Franciscan and master of teology and philosophy, Djura Dragišić, who had had his prime education as a fifteen year old boy and entered the order of the Franciscans in the monastery of Srebrenica. Like his fellow “brothers”, many women sought peace inside the monastic buildings – panic-stricken by the Turks, Ana, wido...w of the Hum’s squire, Pavle Klešić, found herself in the monastery of Saint Nicholas in Zadar where, after she had received all the necessary help and being nursed tenderly by the abbess and the rest of the female monks, she eventually died. Jelena, daughter of the Croatian and Dalmatian ban Vuk Hrvatinić and a wife to Sandaljs’s younger brother Vuk Hranić, spent as the “inhabitant” (habitatricis) of the monastery of Saint Ivan of Split Abbey her third period in life, after her husband’s death in 1425. Special attention is dedicated to the next to last Bosnian queen, Katarina, widow of king Stefan Tomaš, who had, after the fall of Bosnia under the Turkish rule (1463), found herself in Rome where she, supported materially and in other ways by the Vatican, had lived till 1478 and was buried in the church of Saint Marija Aracelli. As distinguished from the clergy who usually belonged to the lower nobility and lived on their land outside the town walls, there were individuals within the Orthodox church who would renounce secular life for life in the monasteries where they would become monks or friars (monachus seu calugier). Such cases happened mostly “in claustro Milesavisa”, while others are mentioned mostly together with the names of the places where they had served – the case of Nikola Bogdanović, “calogerus de Canale”, whose family had bestowed on the Orthodox Church two generations of hard-working men. Other such case is Srebrenica monastery’s monk Milobrat (Milobrath caluger), one of the participants in the cause before the Court of Dubrovnik. Also, there is an inscription on the gravestone in the necropolis to the Veličanis, beside the monastery Zavala on which is inscribed the orthodox female monk’s name, Polihronia, who was a sister of kaznac Sanko Miltenović and a wife to Nenac Čihorić, whose secular name was Radače. Late XV century and early in XVI century historical source mention the monastery Tvrdoš with its metropolitan Vasilije (Vassilie mitropolitus) who lived and served there together with his (it is not clear whether it was his biological or spiritual) brother, prior Jovan. The most famous among the orthodox clergy of the time was, without doubt, the metropolitan of the Mileševa monastery, David, who would not be separated till the dying hour from his patron and herzeg of Saint Sava, Stefan Vukčić Kosača.
Keywords:историја Босне / монашење / средњи век
Source:Зборник за историју Босне и Херцеговине, 2012, 7, 1-28
- Београд : Српска академија наука и уметности
- Recueil de l’histoire de bosnie et herzegovine, 7.