Матерњи језик као један од етничких симбола Срба у Темишвару
Native language as an ethnic symbol Serbs in Timisoara
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Матерњи језик као симбол етничког идентитета разматра се у раду на примеру Срба у Темишвару. Анализирана је његова употреба, промене, као и фактори који су допринели његовом очувању у вишенационалној средини.
Based on the data gathered during original research in the Serbian community of Timisoara, in 2002. and 2003, this paper discusses one of the symbols of ethnic identity, namely, the native language. The methods used in the research include questionnaires, interviews, everyday conversation and the participant-observation technique. The analysis covers various aspects and levels of knowledge, as well as the usage of Serbian language; in addition it also includes the most important features that influence the language's persistence during many centuries, as well as noted changes in a multinational environment. Namely, the Serbs in Timisoara have preserved their native, Serbian language as a second language; then-native Serbian language is constantly under the heavy influence of the Romanian language which is the dominant and official language in the area. The analysis shows that the knowledge of Serbian is much higher among the Serbs who received education in their native language, as wel...l as among the older generation while mixed marriages with Romanians contribute to its loss. Romanian language, on the other hand, gradually becomes more and more dominant even in the traditional spheres of life where native language was once in use among family members, minority organizations and in interactions among Mends of Serbian origin. Moreover, mixed marriages and education in the native language influence the persistence of the native language. In spite of many changes in all aspects and usages, Serbian language still remains the symbol of ethnic identity among the Serbs in Timisoara: the language marks the special unity among the Serbs in relation to the surrounding majority and other ethnic groups in the city of Timisoara, and functions as a connection with the tradition and culture of the homeland.
Keywords:Матерњи језик / билингвизам / етницитет / етнички симболи / native language / bilingualism / ethnicity / ethnic symbol
Source:Гласник Етнографског института САНУ / Bulletin of the Institute of Ethnography SASA, 2004, 52, 117-127
- Београд : Етнографски институт САНУ / Belgrade : Institute of Ethnography SASA
- Савремена сеоска култура – путеви трансформација (бр. 1868)