Photopolymerizable monomer formulations for nanoporous proton conducting membranes
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Several monomers and crosslinker in a broad range of concentrations in water and 1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) respectively were screened for their mechanical properties, water uptake and conductivity by photo polymerization with a polar photo initiator in porous membranes made of polypropylene and polyethersulfone respectively. As conductive polymer, primarily poly(2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonic acid) (PAMPS) and poly(2-sulfoethyl methacrylate) (PSEM) respectively as well as polymers of phosphonic acid containing monomers or newly synthesized monomers were used. The conductive monomers were crosslinked with varying hydrophobic and hydrophilic multifunctional monomers like N,N'-methylene bisacrylamide (MBA), 2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, 1,1'-(1,10-decanediyl) ester (D3MA) or polyethyleneglycol diacrylates with two varying chainlengths (PEG-DA700, PEG-DA330). Furthermore several new multifunctional crosslinker with enhanced thermal and ageing stability have been synthesized and te...sted. The advantage of several different building blocks with known characteristics is the possibility to tune the polymer to special needs of an application. For example, some polymer compositions have good conductivity at lower temperatures whereas other polymers develop better properties at elevated temperatures.
Keywords:fuel cell / proton exchange membrane / polymer electrolyte
Source:Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture, 2011
- Singapore : Research Publishing