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Surface analysis of bismuth titanate by Auger and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
The Auger and XPS technique has been used for investigation in the surface of bismuth titanate (Bi4Ti3O12) (BIT) ceramics obtained by reactive sintering from Bi2O3 and TiO2 oxides. All peaks characteristic for bismuth, ...
Far infrared study of impurity local modes in palladium-doped PbTe and PbSnTe
PbTe and Pb0.85Sn0.15Te single crystals, doped with Pd, were grown using the Bridgman method. Far infrared spectra were measured in the temperature range between 10 K and 300 K. The experimental spectra were numerically ...
Optical properties of PbTe and PbSnTe doped with Cr
Single crystal samples of PbTe and PbSnTe doped with Cr were made using the Bridgman technique. Far infrared diagrams of PbTe samples doped with 0.4 at.%, 0.8 at.% and 1 at.% Cr and also of Pb0.9Sn0.1Te doped with 0.4 at.%, ...
Influence of MgO addition on the synthesis and electrical properties of sintered zinc-titanate ceramics
Starting mixtures of ZnO, TiO2 and MgO (0, 1.25 and 2.5 wt.% MgO) powders were mechanically activated for 15 min in a planetary ball mill. The powders obtained were sintered non-isothermally to temperatures between 800 and ...