O aspektu vršenja, izvršenosti glagolske radnje dopunskih predikata obilježenih vršiocem upravnog glagola
Some Aspects About the Completion, Fulfillment of an Act or Action Expressed by the Complement Verb Мarked by the Same Performer as its Governing Verb
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This paper deals with the semantics of modality verbs, that is verbs requiring a sentential complement whose subject is identical to that of the nodality verb itself. These verbs in Serbo-Croatian mostly come in morpho logically distinct pairs of perfective and imperfective variants providing in that way an interesting basis for the analysis of aspect. They are subdivided into three groups: implicative verbs, e.g. početi, počinjati „begin", which imply the truth, i. e. the fulfillment of the action expressed by their complement verb, negatively-implicative, e. g. zaboraviti, zaboravljati „forget', which imply the falsity, i.e. the non-fulfillment of the action expressed by their complement verb, and nonimplicative, e. g. odlučiti se, odlučivati se „decide', which do not imply either the thruth or the falsity of their complement. These verbs are analysed with respect to the notion of time axis division between presupposit ions which relate to the action at the time prior to ...axis, and implications, which relate to the time after the given axis. The sentence Uspio je da skuha ručak do dva „Не nmanaged to cook dinner till two in its presuppositional sense means „Sometime before two he was cooking dinner“, in its implicative sense „Some time after two he was not cooking dinner”. The sentence with the correspon ding imperfective verb uspijevati, Uspijevao je da skuha ručak do dva, „Не Vould manage to cook dinner till two has the sense of iteration and like the sentence with the corresponding perfective verb also implies the fulfillment of the action expressed by the complement verb. The imperfective modality verbs can have the sense of duration as well as of iteration. The utterance with the negatively-implicative imperfective verb odbijati: Ivan je odbijao da potipše ugovor can mean either „Ivan would refuse|Ivan (often) refused to sign the contract' or „Ivan refused (for a long time|lat first) to sign the contract', which would be ambiguous if it were isolated from its context. The analyisis shows that imperfective modality verbs in contrast to manipulative imperfective verbs mostly do not differ from their correspon ding perfective variants with respect to the implication of the fulfillment of the action expressed by their complement verb : Počeo je||Počinjao je da *ješba u sedат „Нe began to practise at seven”, implies in both cases „Не practised after seven", the difference consists in repeated action when the imperfective variant is concerned; whereas Prisilio ga je da recitira pjesти „Нe forced him to recite the poem” (perfective) implies „Нe recited the poem”, but Prisiljavao ga je da recitira pjesти (imperfective) „Нe tried to force|Не would try to force|Нe would force him to recite the poem” has two possibi lities depending on the context: (1) Нe did not recite the poem, (2) Нe recited the poem (repeatedly). In the latter case the sentence with Prisiljavao ga je . . . could be extended by addition of e.g. kadgodbi došli gosti wherever the guests would come”. The presuppositional sense of modality verbs is supposed to remain the same under negation. Besides fulfillment or non-fulfillment of the action expressed by the complement of modality verbs their presuppositional, backward-looking sense may also mean obligation (Sjetio se da pozove Marka „Нe remembered to call Мark”, i. е. Нe reтетbered his obligation and called Маrk), necessity, or expectation from the part of the speaker that something should be done. In the latter case, e.g. Ivan je odbio da potpiše „Ivan refused to sign there is the meaning that Ivan did not do something though he was expected to do it, somebody wanted him to do it.
Source:Јужнословенски филолог, 1979, 35, 65-97
- Београд : Институт за српскохрватски језик