Mechanochemical Synthesis of Nanocrystalline Multiferroics Based on Bismuth Manganite
AuthorsMarinković Stanojević, Zorica
Conference object (Published version)
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Multiferroic materials simultaneously possess two or more ferroic orders, and enable a coupling interaction between them. Multiferroic bismuth manganite is known as a material that exhibits both ferromagnetic and ferroelectric properties making it interesting for various technological applications. Unfortunately, preparation of BiMnO3 is not possible by conventional solid state reaction and BiMnO3 has been synthesized from the mixture of oxides only at high pressures (>40 kbar). The aim of this work was to synthesize BiMnO3 (BMO) without additional heating or application of high pressures. Nanocrystalline single-phased BMnO3 was prepared for the first time by mechanochemical synthesis directly from the highly activated constituent oxides, Bi2O3 and Mn2O3, in a planetary ball mill. The obtained materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction, SEM with EDS analysis, HRTEM and magnetization measurements. All the samples were found to be tetragonal perovskite with P4mm crystallographic g...roup. The broad maxima reflections of BMO samples can be ascribed to an amorphous/disordered phase. HRTEM micrographs give clear evidence of core-shell structure with amorphous shell around the nanocrystalline BMO particles. The magnetic hysteresis behavior is similar to that of a soft ferromagnet. The magnetic properties of the obtained BMO powders were found to change as a function of milling time in a manner consistent with the variation in the nanocomposite microstructure.
Keywords:mechanochemistry / multiferroic materials / nanocrystalline materials / bismuth manganite
Source:The First Serbian Ceramic Society Conference "Advanced Ceramics and Application" May 10-11, 2012: Program and the Book of Abstracts, 2012, 15-15
- Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society