On a syntactic-semantic model with the locative case
О једном синтаксичко-семантичком моделу с локативом
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The topic of this paper is a syntactic-semantic model whose distinctive element is the locative case with the preposition U (IN) and the relevant feature (+) human being. This model is realized in three different variants - with the intransitive (A) or transitive verb (B), where the nominative in the function of subject and the locative indicate different (B1) or the same (B2) referents. Furthermore, the verb belongs to a semantic class which denotes emerging, stimulation, duration, fading away, diminishing or change in the intensity, in principle, of any phenomenon, and concretely in this model such verbs appear in the collocational link with the nouns implying man's psychological, physiological or mental states, feelings or mood. With an adequate analytic procedure, all the three variants of this model are approached from the syntactic-semantic and pragmatic perspective. The paper points to the causative semantics of these structures, reduced to the metalinguistic formula 'make that ...X V', which confirms that the semantics of these verb-noun collocational links, syntactically speaking, condenses a complex two-member sentential structure represented by the semantically deficient verb (= causative component) in the basic, matrix structure, and the complement clause with the conjunction DA (THAT) and the basic verb. And precisely from this semantic feature there follows that the notion in the locative case semantically, actually, represents the BEARER of a physiological, physiological or mental state, feeling, mood, so that it represents the GRAMMATICAL SUBJECT of the corresponding basic subordinated predication whose exponent, actually, is the grammatical subject in the structure with the intransitive verb (or with the syntactically-semantically intransitive verb structure), that is the object in the structure with the transitive verb. Two possible semantic interpretations of this model are presented: the one related to the referential pointing to the situation (a) and the other when the sentential proposition also includes the corresponding presupposition (b).
Predmet rada je jedan sintaksičko-semantički model, čiji je distinktivni element lokativ s predlogom U i relevantnim obeležjem živo (+): ljudsko biće. Ovaj model se ostvaruje u tri različite varijante - s intranzitivnim ili tranzitivnim glagolom određene semantičke klase i u kolokacijskoj vezi s imenicom / zamenicom određene semantičke klase. Odgovarajućim analitičkim postupkom, sve tri varijante ovoga modela osvetljavaju se iz sintaksičko-semantičke i pragmatičke perspektive.