Liu, Hui

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  • Liu, Hui (10)
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Author's Bibliography

Continuous biodiesel production under subcritical condition of methanol – Design of pilot plant and packed bed reactor with MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst

Liu, Hui; Lukić, Ivana; Miladinović, Marija R.; Veljković, Vlada B.; Zdujić, Miodrag; Zhu, Xiaosun; Zhang, Yanan; Skala, Dejan

(Elsevier, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Liu, Hui
AU  - Lukić, Ivana
AU  - Miladinović, Marija R.
AU  - Veljković, Vlada B.
AU  - Zdujić, Miodrag
AU  - Zhu, Xiaosun
AU  - Zhang, Yanan
AU  - Skala, Dejan
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/4513
AB  - The continuous biodiesel production from soybean oil was carried out under the subcritical condition of methanol with MnCO3/Na-silicate as a heterogeneous catalyst. The transesterification rate was first investigated in a set of experiments performed in a batch autoclave at 448 K using methanol-to-oil molar ratio of 18:1 and various catalyst loadings (5, 10 and 20 wt% based on the oil mass). The results from these experiments, as well as the experimental data and the appropriate kinetic model recently reported in the literature were used for designing a packed bed tubular reactor (PBTR), a main unit of the pilot plant with the capacity of 100 L of biodiesel per day. The pilot plant was constructed and tested under various operating conditions. The first 11 h of the pilot-plant operation was realized in the tubular reactor packed with inert glass beads (i.e. without the catalyst) in order to analyze the effect of the non-catalyzed subcritical biodiesel (fatty acid methyl esters, FAME) production. Then, glass beads were replaced with a mix of MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst particles and glass beads, and the catalytic biodiesel production was continuously run under the subcritical methanol condition for 85 h. Two mass balance tests during the continuous pilot plant operation were performed. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Energy Conversion and Management
T1  - Continuous biodiesel production under subcritical condition of methanol – Design of pilot plant and packed bed reactor with MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst
SP  - 494
EP  - 504
VL  - 168
DO  - 10.1016/j.enconman.2018.05.028
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Liu, Hui and Lukić, Ivana and Miladinović, Marija R. and Veljković, Vlada B. and Zdujić, Miodrag and Zhu, Xiaosun and Zhang, Yanan and Skala, Dejan",
year = "2018",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/4513",
abstract = "The continuous biodiesel production from soybean oil was carried out under the subcritical condition of methanol with MnCO3/Na-silicate as a heterogeneous catalyst. The transesterification rate was first investigated in a set of experiments performed in a batch autoclave at 448 K using methanol-to-oil molar ratio of 18:1 and various catalyst loadings (5, 10 and 20 wt% based on the oil mass). The results from these experiments, as well as the experimental data and the appropriate kinetic model recently reported in the literature were used for designing a packed bed tubular reactor (PBTR), a main unit of the pilot plant with the capacity of 100 L of biodiesel per day. The pilot plant was constructed and tested under various operating conditions. The first 11 h of the pilot-plant operation was realized in the tubular reactor packed with inert glass beads (i.e. without the catalyst) in order to analyze the effect of the non-catalyzed subcritical biodiesel (fatty acid methyl esters, FAME) production. Then, glass beads were replaced with a mix of MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst particles and glass beads, and the catalytic biodiesel production was continuously run under the subcritical methanol condition for 85 h. Two mass balance tests during the continuous pilot plant operation were performed. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Energy Conversion and Management",
title = "Continuous biodiesel production under subcritical condition of methanol – Design of pilot plant and packed bed reactor with MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst",
pages = "494-504",
volume = "168",
doi = "10.1016/j.enconman.2018.05.028"
}
Liu, H., Lukić, I., Miladinović, M. R., Veljković, V. B., Zdujić, M., Zhu, X., Zhang, Y.,& Skala, D. (2018). Continuous biodiesel production under subcritical condition of methanol – Design of pilot plant and packed bed reactor with MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst.
Energy Conversion and Management
Elsevier., 168, 494-504.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2018.05.028
Liu H, Lukić I, Miladinović MR, Veljković VB, Zdujić M, Zhu X, Zhang Y, Skala D. Continuous biodiesel production under subcritical condition of methanol – Design of pilot plant and packed bed reactor with MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst. Energy Conversion and Management. 2018;168:494-504
Liu Hui, Lukić Ivana, Miladinović Marija R., Veljković Vlada B., Zdujić Miodrag, Zhu Xiaosun, Zhang Yanan, Skala Dejan, "Continuous biodiesel production under subcritical condition of methanol – Design of pilot plant and packed bed reactor with MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst" Energy Conversion and Management, 168 (2018):494-504,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2018.05.028 .
3
2
3

Biodiesel synthesis and kinetic analysis based on MnCO3/Na silicate as heterogeneous catalyst

Zhang, Yanan; Liu, Hui; Zhu, Xiaochan; Lukić, Ivana; Zdujić, Miodrag; Shen, Xiang; Skala, Dejan

(Belgrade : Serbian Chemical Society, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Zhang, Yanan
AU  - Liu, Hui
AU  - Zhu, Xiaochan
AU  - Lukić, Ivana
AU  - Zdujić, Miodrag
AU  - Shen, Xiang
AU  - Skala, Dejan
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/3751
AB  - Тhe MnCO3/Na silicate (Mn/Na/Si mole ratio of 4.65:1:1.65) catalyst in the form of solid particles with diameter of 0.99–1.99 mm was used as a catalyst for transesterification of soybean oil in batch autoclave at different conditions: 388–468 K, methanol-to-oil mole ratio 12:1–30:1, catalyst amount based on the mass of oil 0–12.5 %. The complete triacylglycerols (TAG) conversion and high yield of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) was obtained after 1 h at 458 K, methanol-to-oil mole ratio 30:1 and 10 % of catalyst. Kinetics of transesterification process was analyzed by three models: the simple first order irreversible reaction rate, as well as two more complex models recently reported in literature. The catalyst reuse in transesterification process was tested and the average values of 99.0 % of TAG conversion and 97.5 % of FAME yield were obtained after 8 consecutive runs. Different techniques were used to characterize fresh and used MnCO3/Na silicate catalyst. The determined amounts of leached Na (<500 ppm) and Mn (<20 ppm) in biodiesel phase implied that the homogeneous-heterogeneous process influences the catalyst selectivity, whereby leached Na enables the complete transformation of TAG to FAME.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Chemical Society
T2  - Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society
T1  - Biodiesel synthesis and kinetic analysis based on MnCO3/Na silicate as heterogeneous catalyst
SP  - 345
EP  - 365
VL  - 83
IS  - 3
DO  - 10.2298/JSC170612005Z
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Zhang, Yanan and Liu, Hui and Zhu, Xiaochan and Lukić, Ivana and Zdujić, Miodrag and Shen, Xiang and Skala, Dejan",
year = "2018",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/3751",
abstract = "Тhe MnCO3/Na silicate (Mn/Na/Si mole ratio of 4.65:1:1.65) catalyst in the form of solid particles with diameter of 0.99–1.99 mm was used as a catalyst for transesterification of soybean oil in batch autoclave at different conditions: 388–468 K, methanol-to-oil mole ratio 12:1–30:1, catalyst amount based on the mass of oil 0–12.5 %. The complete triacylglycerols (TAG) conversion and high yield of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) was obtained after 1 h at 458 K, methanol-to-oil mole ratio 30:1 and 10 % of catalyst. Kinetics of transesterification process was analyzed by three models: the simple first order irreversible reaction rate, as well as two more complex models recently reported in literature. The catalyst reuse in transesterification process was tested and the average values of 99.0 % of TAG conversion and 97.5 % of FAME yield were obtained after 8 consecutive runs. Different techniques were used to characterize fresh and used MnCO3/Na silicate catalyst. The determined amounts of leached Na (<500 ppm) and Mn (<20 ppm) in biodiesel phase implied that the homogeneous-heterogeneous process influences the catalyst selectivity, whereby leached Na enables the complete transformation of TAG to FAME.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Chemical Society",
journal = "Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society",
title = "Biodiesel synthesis and kinetic analysis based on MnCO3/Na silicate as heterogeneous catalyst",
pages = "345-365",
volume = "83",
number = "3",
doi = "10.2298/JSC170612005Z"
}
Zhang, Y., Liu, H., Zhu, X., Lukić, I., Zdujić, M., Shen, X.,& Skala, D. (2018). Biodiesel synthesis and kinetic analysis based on MnCO3/Na silicate as heterogeneous catalyst.
Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society
Belgrade : Serbian Chemical Society., 83(3), 345-365.
https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC170612005Z
Zhang Y, Liu H, Zhu X, Lukić I, Zdujić M, Shen X, Skala D. Biodiesel synthesis and kinetic analysis based on MnCO3/Na silicate as heterogeneous catalyst. Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society. 2018;83(3):345-365
Zhang Yanan, Liu Hui, Zhu Xiaochan, Lukić Ivana, Zdujić Miodrag, Shen Xiang, Skala Dejan, "Biodiesel synthesis and kinetic analysis based on MnCO3/Na silicate as heterogeneous catalyst" Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, 83, no. 3 (2018):345-365,
https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC170612005Z .
1
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Continuous biodiesel production under subcritical condition of methanol – Design of pilot plant and packed bed reactor with MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst

Liu, Hui; Lukić, Ivana; Miladinović, Marija R.; Veljković, Vlada B.; Zdujić, Miodrag; Zhu, Xiaosun; Zhang, Yanan; Skala, Dejan

(Elsevier, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Liu, Hui
AU  - Lukić, Ivana
AU  - Miladinović, Marija R.
AU  - Veljković, Vlada B.
AU  - Zdujić, Miodrag
AU  - Zhu, Xiaosun
AU  - Zhang, Yanan
AU  - Skala, Dejan
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/3701
AB  - The continuous biodiesel production from soybean oil was carried out under the subcritical condition of methanol with MnCO3/Na-silicate as a heterogeneous catalyst. The transesterification rate was first investigated in a set of experiments performed in a batch autoclave at 448 K using methanol-to-oil molar ratio of 18:1 and various catalyst loadings (5, 10 and 20 wt% based on the oil mass). The results from these experiments, as well as the experimental data and the appropriate kinetic model recently reported in the literature were used for designing a packed bed tubular reactor (PBTR), a main unit of the pilot plant with the capacity of 100 L of biodiesel per day. The pilot plant was constructed and tested under various operating conditions. The first 11 h of the pilot-plant operation was realized in the tubular reactor packed with inert glass beads (i.e. without the catalyst) in order to analyze the effect of the non-catalyzed subcritical biodiesel (fatty acid methyl esters, FAME) production. Then, glass beads were replaced with a mix of MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst particles and glass beads, and the catalytic biodiesel production was continuously run under the subcritical methanol condition for 85 h. Two mass balance tests during the continuous pilot plant operation were performed. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Energy Conversion and Management
T1  - Continuous biodiesel production under subcritical condition of methanol – Design of pilot plant and packed bed reactor with MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst
SP  - 494
EP  - 504
VL  - 168
DO  - 10.1016/j.enconman.2018.05.028
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Liu, Hui and Lukić, Ivana and Miladinović, Marija R. and Veljković, Vlada B. and Zdujić, Miodrag and Zhu, Xiaosun and Zhang, Yanan and Skala, Dejan",
year = "2018",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/3701",
abstract = "The continuous biodiesel production from soybean oil was carried out under the subcritical condition of methanol with MnCO3/Na-silicate as a heterogeneous catalyst. The transesterification rate was first investigated in a set of experiments performed in a batch autoclave at 448 K using methanol-to-oil molar ratio of 18:1 and various catalyst loadings (5, 10 and 20 wt% based on the oil mass). The results from these experiments, as well as the experimental data and the appropriate kinetic model recently reported in the literature were used for designing a packed bed tubular reactor (PBTR), a main unit of the pilot plant with the capacity of 100 L of biodiesel per day. The pilot plant was constructed and tested under various operating conditions. The first 11 h of the pilot-plant operation was realized in the tubular reactor packed with inert glass beads (i.e. without the catalyst) in order to analyze the effect of the non-catalyzed subcritical biodiesel (fatty acid methyl esters, FAME) production. Then, glass beads were replaced with a mix of MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst particles and glass beads, and the catalytic biodiesel production was continuously run under the subcritical methanol condition for 85 h. Two mass balance tests during the continuous pilot plant operation were performed. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Energy Conversion and Management",
title = "Continuous biodiesel production under subcritical condition of methanol – Design of pilot plant and packed bed reactor with MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst",
pages = "494-504",
volume = "168",
doi = "10.1016/j.enconman.2018.05.028"
}
Liu, H., Lukić, I., Miladinović, M. R., Veljković, V. B., Zdujić, M., Zhu, X., Zhang, Y.,& Skala, D. (2018). Continuous biodiesel production under subcritical condition of methanol – Design of pilot plant and packed bed reactor with MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst.
Energy Conversion and Management
Elsevier., 168, 494-504.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2018.05.028
Liu H, Lukić I, Miladinović MR, Veljković VB, Zdujić M, Zhu X, Zhang Y, Skala D. Continuous biodiesel production under subcritical condition of methanol – Design of pilot plant and packed bed reactor with MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst. Energy Conversion and Management. 2018;168:494-504
Liu Hui, Lukić Ivana, Miladinović Marija R., Veljković Vlada B., Zdujić Miodrag, Zhu Xiaosun, Zhang Yanan, Skala Dejan, "Continuous biodiesel production under subcritical condition of methanol – Design of pilot plant and packed bed reactor with MnCO3/Na-silicate catalyst" Energy Conversion and Management, 168 (2018):494-504,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2018.05.028 .
3
2
3

Mechanochemical synthesis of CaO·ZnO·K2CO3 catalyst: Characterization and activity for methanolysis of sunflower oil

Kesić, Željka; Lukić, Ivana; Zdujić, Miodrag; Jovalekić, Čedomir; Liu, Hui; Skala, Dejan

(Belgrade: Association of the Chemical Engineers of Serbia, 2015)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Kesić, Željka
AU  - Lukić, Ivana
AU  - Zdujić, Miodrag
AU  - Jovalekić, Čedomir
AU  - Liu, Hui
AU  - Skala, Dejan
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/3542
AB  - The goal of this study was to prepare a CaO·ZnO catalyst containing a small amount of K2CO3 and analyze its activity for biodiesel synthesis. The catalyst was prepared using the following procedure: CaO and ZnO (mole ratio of 1:2), water and K2CO3 (in various amounts) were mechanochemically treated and after milling heated at 700 °C in air atmosphere for obtaining mixed CaO·ZnO/xK2CO3 oxides (x = 0, 1, 2 and 4 mol of K2CO3 per 10 mol of CaO). All the samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), inductively coupled plasma (ICP), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS), particle size laser diffraction (PSLD) distribution, solubility measurement of Ca, Zn and K ions in methanol as well as by determination of their alkalinity (Hammett Indicator method). Prepared CaO·ZnO/xK2CO3 composite powders were tested as catalysts for methanolysis of sunflower oil at 70 °C using mole ratio of sunflower oil to methanol of 1:10 and with 2 mass% of catalyst based on oil weight. The presence of K2CO3 in prepared samples was found to increase the activity of catalyst, and that such effect is caused by homogeneous-heterogeneous catalysis of biodiesel synthesis. © 2015, CI and CEQ. All Rights Reserved.
PB  - Belgrade: Association of the Chemical Engineers of Serbia
T2  - Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly
T1  - Mechanochemical synthesis of CaO·ZnO·K2CO3 catalyst: Characterization and activity for methanolysis of sunflower oil
SP  - 1
EP  - 12
VL  - 21
IS  - 1
DO  - 10.2298/CICEQ131026041K
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Kesić, Željka and Lukić, Ivana and Zdujić, Miodrag and Jovalekić, Čedomir and Liu, Hui and Skala, Dejan",
year = "2015",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/3542",
abstract = "The goal of this study was to prepare a CaO·ZnO catalyst containing a small amount of K2CO3 and analyze its activity for biodiesel synthesis. The catalyst was prepared using the following procedure: CaO and ZnO (mole ratio of 1:2), water and K2CO3 (in various amounts) were mechanochemically treated and after milling heated at 700 °C in air atmosphere for obtaining mixed CaO·ZnO/xK2CO3 oxides (x = 0, 1, 2 and 4 mol of K2CO3 per 10 mol of CaO). All the samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), inductively coupled plasma (ICP), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS), particle size laser diffraction (PSLD) distribution, solubility measurement of Ca, Zn and K ions in methanol as well as by determination of their alkalinity (Hammett Indicator method). Prepared CaO·ZnO/xK2CO3 composite powders were tested as catalysts for methanolysis of sunflower oil at 70 °C using mole ratio of sunflower oil to methanol of 1:10 and with 2 mass% of catalyst based on oil weight. The presence of K2CO3 in prepared samples was found to increase the activity of catalyst, and that such effect is caused by homogeneous-heterogeneous catalysis of biodiesel synthesis. © 2015, CI and CEQ. All Rights Reserved.",
publisher = "Belgrade: Association of the Chemical Engineers of Serbia",
journal = "Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly",
title = "Mechanochemical synthesis of CaO·ZnO·K2CO3 catalyst: Characterization and activity for methanolysis of sunflower oil",
pages = "1-12",
volume = "21",
number = "1",
doi = "10.2298/CICEQ131026041K"
}
Kesić, Ž., Lukić, I., Zdujić, M., Jovalekić, Č., Liu, H.,& Skala, D. (2015). Mechanochemical synthesis of CaO·ZnO·K2CO3 catalyst: Characterization and activity for methanolysis of sunflower oil.
Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly
Belgrade: Association of the Chemical Engineers of Serbia., 21(1), 1-12.
https://doi.org/10.2298/CICEQ131026041K
Kesić Ž, Lukić I, Zdujić M, Jovalekić Č, Liu H, Skala D. Mechanochemical synthesis of CaO·ZnO·K2CO3 catalyst: Characterization and activity for methanolysis of sunflower oil. Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly. 2015;21(1):1-12
Kesić Željka, Lukić Ivana, Zdujić Miodrag, Jovalekić Čedomir, Liu Hui, Skala Dejan, "Mechanochemical synthesis of CaO·ZnO·K2CO3 catalyst: Characterization and activity for methanolysis of sunflower oil" Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly, 21, no. 1 (2015):1-12,
https://doi.org/10.2298/CICEQ131026041K .
5
6
9

Characterization of mechanochemically synthesized CaO·ZnO.K2CO3

Kesić, Željka; Lukić, Ivana; Zdujić, Miodrag; Jovalekić, Čedomir; Shao, Yong; Liu, Hui; Skala, Dejan

(Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society, 2013)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Kesić, Željka
AU  - Lukić, Ivana
AU  - Zdujić, Miodrag
AU  - Jovalekić, Čedomir
AU  - Shao, Yong
AU  - Liu, Hui
AU  - Skala, Dejan
PY  - 2013
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/422
AB  - The mixed oxide of CaO·ZnO and K2CO3 were prepared by ball milling of CaO and ZnO powders and water, with addition of K2CO3 and afterward by calcination at 700 oC. Influence of different molar ratio of K2CO3 and CaO (x=1, 2 and 4 moles of K2CO3 per 10 moles of CaO) was studied . The prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS) and the particle size laser diffraction (PSLD) distribution. The addition of smaller amount of K2CO3 at the beginning of ball miling (x≤2), favors the formation of calcium zinc hydroxide hydrate, while it is not the case when K2CO3 larger addition was used (x > 2). A larger amount of potassium carbonate in the initial composition of powder mixture negatively affected formation of CaZn2(OH)6·2H2O. Bimodal distribution were detected for all samples after calcination at 700 oC and the results showed that the distribution of elements in the bulk is not homogeneous and that surface of formed mixed oxide CaO.ZnO (XPS analysis) after calcination is mainly covered by potassium species. That evidence indicate that the K2CO3 was not fully incorporated into the matrix. Prepared samples could be used for methanolysis of vegetable oil and fatty acid methyl esters (FAME, i.e. biodiesel) synthesis.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society
C3  - Advanced Ceramics and Application : new frontiers in multifunctional material science and processing : program and the book of abstracts : II Serbian Ceramic Society Conference, Sep 30th-Oct 1st, 2013, Belgrade
T1  - Characterization of mechanochemically synthesized CaO·ZnO.K2CO3
SP  - 45
EP  - 45
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Kesić, Željka and Lukić, Ivana and Zdujić, Miodrag and Jovalekić, Čedomir and Shao, Yong and Liu, Hui and Skala, Dejan",
year = "2013",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/422",
abstract = "The mixed oxide of CaO·ZnO and K2CO3 were prepared by ball milling of CaO and ZnO powders and water, with addition of K2CO3 and afterward by calcination at 700 oC. Influence of different molar ratio of K2CO3 and CaO (x=1, 2 and 4 moles of K2CO3 per 10 moles of CaO) was studied . The prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS) and the particle size laser diffraction (PSLD) distribution. The addition of smaller amount of K2CO3 at the beginning of ball miling (x≤2), favors the formation of calcium zinc hydroxide hydrate, while it is not the case when K2CO3 larger addition was used (x > 2). A larger amount of potassium carbonate in the initial composition of powder mixture negatively affected formation of CaZn2(OH)6·2H2O. Bimodal distribution were detected for all samples after calcination at 700 oC and the results showed that the distribution of elements in the bulk is not homogeneous and that surface of formed mixed oxide CaO.ZnO (XPS analysis) after calcination is mainly covered by potassium species. That evidence indicate that the K2CO3 was not fully incorporated into the matrix. Prepared samples could be used for methanolysis of vegetable oil and fatty acid methyl esters (FAME, i.e. biodiesel) synthesis.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society",
journal = "Advanced Ceramics and Application : new frontiers in multifunctional material science and processing : program and the book of abstracts : II Serbian Ceramic Society Conference, Sep 30th-Oct 1st, 2013, Belgrade",
title = "Characterization of mechanochemically synthesized CaO·ZnO.K2CO3",
pages = "45-45"
}
Kesić, Ž., Lukić, I., Zdujić, M., Jovalekić, Č., Shao, Y., Liu, H.,& Skala, D. (2013). Characterization of mechanochemically synthesized CaO·ZnO.K2CO3.
Advanced Ceramics and Application : new frontiers in multifunctional material science and processing : program and the book of abstracts : II Serbian Ceramic Society Conference, Sep 30th-Oct 1st, 2013, Belgrade
Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society., 45-45.
Kesić Ž, Lukić I, Zdujić M, Jovalekić Č, Shao Y, Liu H, Skala D. Characterization of mechanochemically synthesized CaO·ZnO.K2CO3. Advanced Ceramics and Application : new frontiers in multifunctional material science and processing : program and the book of abstracts : II Serbian Ceramic Society Conference, Sep 30th-Oct 1st, 2013, Belgrade. 2013;:45-45
Kesić Željka, Lukić Ivana, Zdujić Miodrag, Jovalekić Čedomir, Shao Yong, Liu Hui, Skala Dejan, "Characterization of mechanochemically synthesized CaO·ZnO.K2CO3" Advanced Ceramics and Application : new frontiers in multifunctional material science and processing : program and the book of abstracts : II Serbian Ceramic Society Conference, Sep 30th-Oct 1st, 2013, Belgrade (2013):45-45

Biodiesel synthesis based on CaO·ZnO.K2CO3 as catalyst

Kesić, Željka; Lukić, Ivana; Zdujić, Miodrag; Jovalekić, Čedomir; Shao, Yong; Liu, Hui; Skala, Dejan

(Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society, 2013)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Kesić, Željka
AU  - Lukić, Ivana
AU  - Zdujić, Miodrag
AU  - Jovalekić, Čedomir
AU  - Shao, Yong
AU  - Liu, Hui
AU  - Skala, Dejan
PY  - 2013
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/423
AB  - The mixed oxide of CaO·ZnO and K2CO3 were prepared by ball milling of CaO and ZnO powders and water, with addition of K2CO3 and afterward by calcination at 700 oC. Influence of different molar ratio of K2CO3 and CaO (x=1, 2 and 4 moles of K2CO3 per 10 moles of CaO) was studied . The prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning
electron microscopy/energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS) and the particle size laser diffraction (PSLD) distribution. The addition of smaller amount of K2CO3 at the beginning of ball miling (x≤2), favors the formation of calcium zinc hydroxide hydrate, while it is not the case when K2CO3 larger addition was used (x > 2). A larger amount of potassium carbonate in the initial
composition of powder mixture negatively affected formation of CaZn2(OH)6·2H2O. Bimodal distribution were detected for all samples after calcination at 700 oC and the results showed that the distribution of elements in the bulk is not homogeneous and that surface of formed mixed oxide CaO.ZnO (XPS analysis) after calcination is mainly covered by potassium species. That evidence indicate that the K2CO3 was not fully incorporated into the matrix. Prepared samples could be used for methanolysis of vegetable oil and fatty acid methyl esters (FAME, i.e. biodiesel) synthesis.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society
C3  - Advanced Ceramics and Application : new frontiers in multifunctional material science and processing : program and the book of abstracts : II Serbian Ceramic Society Conference, Sep 30th-Oct 1st, 2013, Belgrade
T1  - Biodiesel synthesis based on CaO·ZnO.K2CO3 as catalyst
SP  - 46
EP  - 46
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Kesić, Željka and Lukić, Ivana and Zdujić, Miodrag and Jovalekić, Čedomir and Shao, Yong and Liu, Hui and Skala, Dejan",
year = "2013",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/423",
abstract = "The mixed oxide of CaO·ZnO and K2CO3 were prepared by ball milling of CaO and ZnO powders and water, with addition of K2CO3 and afterward by calcination at 700 oC. Influence of different molar ratio of K2CO3 and CaO (x=1, 2 and 4 moles of K2CO3 per 10 moles of CaO) was studied . The prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning
electron microscopy/energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM/EDS) and the particle size laser diffraction (PSLD) distribution. The addition of smaller amount of K2CO3 at the beginning of ball miling (x≤2), favors the formation of calcium zinc hydroxide hydrate, while it is not the case when K2CO3 larger addition was used (x > 2). A larger amount of potassium carbonate in the initial
composition of powder mixture negatively affected formation of CaZn2(OH)6·2H2O. Bimodal distribution were detected for all samples after calcination at 700 oC and the results showed that the distribution of elements in the bulk is not homogeneous and that surface of formed mixed oxide CaO.ZnO (XPS analysis) after calcination is mainly covered by potassium species. That evidence indicate that the K2CO3 was not fully incorporated into the matrix. Prepared samples could be used for methanolysis of vegetable oil and fatty acid methyl esters (FAME, i.e. biodiesel) synthesis.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society",
journal = "Advanced Ceramics and Application : new frontiers in multifunctional material science and processing : program and the book of abstracts : II Serbian Ceramic Society Conference, Sep 30th-Oct 1st, 2013, Belgrade",
title = "Biodiesel synthesis based on CaO·ZnO.K2CO3 as catalyst",
pages = "46-46"
}
Kesić, Ž., Lukić, I., Zdujić, M., Jovalekić, Č., Shao, Y., Liu, H.,& Skala, D. (2013). Biodiesel synthesis based on CaO·ZnO.K2CO3 as catalyst.
Advanced Ceramics and Application : new frontiers in multifunctional material science and processing : program and the book of abstracts : II Serbian Ceramic Society Conference, Sep 30th-Oct 1st, 2013, Belgrade
Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society., 46-46.
Kesić Ž, Lukić I, Zdujić M, Jovalekić Č, Shao Y, Liu H, Skala D. Biodiesel synthesis based on CaO·ZnO.K2CO3 as catalyst. Advanced Ceramics and Application : new frontiers in multifunctional material science and processing : program and the book of abstracts : II Serbian Ceramic Society Conference, Sep 30th-Oct 1st, 2013, Belgrade. 2013;:46-46
Kesić Željka, Lukić Ivana, Zdujić Miodrag, Jovalekić Čedomir, Shao Yong, Liu Hui, Skala Dejan, "Biodiesel synthesis based on CaO·ZnO.K2CO3 as catalyst" Advanced Ceramics and Application : new frontiers in multifunctional material science and processing : program and the book of abstracts : II Serbian Ceramic Society Conference, Sep 30th-Oct 1st, 2013, Belgrade (2013):46-46

Characterization of Mechanochemically Synthesized CaO·ZnO/K2O Mixed Oxides

Kesić, Željka; Lukić, Ivana; Zdujić, Miodrag; Jovanović, Dušan; Liu, Hui; Skala, Dejan

(Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society, 2012)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Kesić, Željka
AU  - Lukić, Ivana
AU  - Zdujić, Miodrag
AU  - Jovanović, Dušan
AU  - Liu, Hui
AU  - Skala, Dejan
PY  - 2012
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/505
AB  - Room temperature ball milling of CaO and ZnO powder mixture (using molar ratio of CaO:ZnO of 1:2) with the addition of stoichiometrically required amount of water to form calcium zinc hydroxide hydrate (CaZn2(OH)6•2H2O) and subsequent calcination at 700 oC was conducted. In order to improve basicity of mixed oxides, calcium zinc hydroxide hydrate was modified by the addition of promoters. The addition of promoter in initial powder mixture such as K2CO3 and KOH (with molar ratio of promoter to CaO of 1:10) was shown to effect the mechanochemical reaction. The prepared catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), base strength using Hammett indicator method and scanning electron microscopy (SEM and SEM-EDS). The results showed that, during mechanochemical treatment, CaO, ZnO and H2O reacted rapidly to form CaZn2(OH)6•2H2O, and this was the same when promoters were used. Only difference was in basicity of the catalysts, and opposite of the expected, results showed that the addition of promoters did not cause an increase of basicity. On the other hand, addition of KOH to initial powder mixture caused increase of carbonates formation during mechanochemical treatment.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society
C3  - The First Serbian Ceramic Society Conference "Advanced Ceramics and Application" May 10-11, 2012: Program and the Book of Abstracts
T1  - Characterization of Mechanochemically Synthesized CaO·ZnO/K2O Mixed Oxides
SP  - 28
EP  - 28
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Kesić, Željka and Lukić, Ivana and Zdujić, Miodrag and Jovanović, Dušan and Liu, Hui and Skala, Dejan",
year = "2012",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/505",
abstract = "Room temperature ball milling of CaO and ZnO powder mixture (using molar ratio of CaO:ZnO of 1:2) with the addition of stoichiometrically required amount of water to form calcium zinc hydroxide hydrate (CaZn2(OH)6•2H2O) and subsequent calcination at 700 oC was conducted. In order to improve basicity of mixed oxides, calcium zinc hydroxide hydrate was modified by the addition of promoters. The addition of promoter in initial powder mixture such as K2CO3 and KOH (with molar ratio of promoter to CaO of 1:10) was shown to effect the mechanochemical reaction. The prepared catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), base strength using Hammett indicator method and scanning electron microscopy (SEM and SEM-EDS). The results showed that, during mechanochemical treatment, CaO, ZnO and H2O reacted rapidly to form CaZn2(OH)6•2H2O, and this was the same when promoters were used. Only difference was in basicity of the catalysts, and opposite of the expected, results showed that the addition of promoters did not cause an increase of basicity. On the other hand, addition of KOH to initial powder mixture caused increase of carbonates formation during mechanochemical treatment.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society",
journal = "The First Serbian Ceramic Society Conference "Advanced Ceramics and Application" May 10-11, 2012: Program and the Book of Abstracts",
title = "Characterization of Mechanochemically Synthesized CaO·ZnO/K2O Mixed Oxides",
pages = "28-28"
}
Kesić, Ž., Lukić, I., Zdujić, M., Jovanović, D., Liu, H.,& Skala, D. (2012). Characterization of Mechanochemically Synthesized CaO·ZnO/K2O Mixed Oxides.
The First Serbian Ceramic Society Conference "Advanced Ceramics and Application" May 10-11, 2012: Program and the Book of Abstracts
Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society., 28-28.
Kesić Ž, Lukić I, Zdujić M, Jovanović D, Liu H, Skala D. Characterization of Mechanochemically Synthesized CaO·ZnO/K2O Mixed Oxides. The First Serbian Ceramic Society Conference "Advanced Ceramics and Application" May 10-11, 2012: Program and the Book of Abstracts. 2012;:28-28
Kesić Željka, Lukić Ivana, Zdujić Miodrag, Jovanović Dušan, Liu Hui, Skala Dejan, "Characterization of Mechanochemically Synthesized CaO·ZnO/K2O Mixed Oxides" The First Serbian Ceramic Society Conference "Advanced Ceramics and Application" May 10-11, 2012: Program and the Book of Abstracts (2012):28-28

Mechanochemically Synthesized CaO ZnO Catalyst For Biodiesel Production

Kesić, Željka; Lukić, Ivana; Zdujić, Miodrag; Liu, Hui; Skala, Dejan

(Elsevier, 2012)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Kesić, Željka
AU  - Lukić, Ivana
AU  - Zdujić, Miodrag
AU  - Liu, Hui
AU  - Skala, Dejan
PY  - 2012
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/738
AB  - The transesterification of triglycerides (vegetable oil) with methanol using CaO·ZnO mixed oxides catalyst were conducted to produce FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters, i.e. biodiesel). Catalyst was synthesized by ball milling of CaO and ZnO powder mixture (using molar ratio of Ca and Zn of 1:2 and 1:4) with the addition of water, as well as solely by ball milling (molar ratio of 1:2) of mentioned powders and subsequent. After ball milling prepared mixtures were calcinatied at 700 oC in air atmosphere. The samples of formed catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The particle size distribution as well as the base strength using Hammett indicator was determined, too. CaO.ZnO catalysts were used in the methanolysis of sunflower oil, at 60 oC and 1 bar, using molar ratio of sunflower oil to methanol of 1:10 and with 2 wt% of catalyst based on oil weight. All catalysts exhibited good activity in the methanolysis of sunflower oil, with the yield of FAME above 90% after 4 hours of reaction.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Procedia Engineering
T1  - Mechanochemically Synthesized CaO ZnO Catalyst For Biodiesel Production
SP  - 1169
EP  - 1178
DO  - 10.1016/j.proeng.2012.07.509
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Kesić, Željka and Lukić, Ivana and Zdujić, Miodrag and Liu, Hui and Skala, Dejan",
year = "2012",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/738",
abstract = "The transesterification of triglycerides (vegetable oil) with methanol using CaO·ZnO mixed oxides catalyst were conducted to produce FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Esters, i.e. biodiesel). Catalyst was synthesized by ball milling of CaO and ZnO powder mixture (using molar ratio of Ca and Zn of 1:2 and 1:4) with the addition of water, as well as solely by ball milling (molar ratio of 1:2) of mentioned powders and subsequent. After ball milling prepared mixtures were calcinatied at 700 oC in air atmosphere. The samples of formed catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The particle size distribution as well as the base strength using Hammett indicator was determined, too. CaO.ZnO catalysts were used in the methanolysis of sunflower oil, at 60 oC and 1 bar, using molar ratio of sunflower oil to methanol of 1:10 and with 2 wt% of catalyst based on oil weight. All catalysts exhibited good activity in the methanolysis of sunflower oil, with the yield of FAME above 90% after 4 hours of reaction.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Procedia Engineering",
title = "Mechanochemically Synthesized CaO ZnO Catalyst For Biodiesel Production",
pages = "1169-1178",
doi = "10.1016/j.proeng.2012.07.509"
}
Kesić, Ž., Lukić, I., Zdujić, M., Liu, H.,& Skala, D. (2012). Mechanochemically Synthesized CaO ZnO Catalyst For Biodiesel Production.
Procedia Engineering
Elsevier., 1169-1178.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2012.07.509
Kesić Ž, Lukić I, Zdujić M, Liu H, Skala D. Mechanochemically Synthesized CaO ZnO Catalyst For Biodiesel Production. Procedia Engineering. 2012;:1169-1178
Kesić Željka, Lukić Ivana, Zdujić Miodrag, Liu Hui, Skala Dejan, "Mechanochemically Synthesized CaO ZnO Catalyst For Biodiesel Production" Procedia Engineering (2012):1169-1178,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2012.07.509 .
14
13
15

Mechanochemical Preparation of CaO·ZnO – catalyst for Fatty Acids Methyl Esters Synthesis

Lukić, Ivana; Kesić, Željka; Zdujić, Miodrag; Jovanović, Dušan; Liu, Hui; Skala, Dejan

(Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society, 2012)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Lukić, Ivana
AU  - Kesić, Željka
AU  - Zdujić, Miodrag
AU  - Jovanović, Dušan
AU  - Liu, Hui
AU  - Skala, Dejan
PY  - 2012
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/513
AB  - One of the catalysts that show excellent activity in the methanolysis of vegetable oil under moderate reaction conditions is the mixture of CaO and ZnO oxides. In this study CaO•ZnO catalyst was synthesized by mechanochemical treatment of ZnO and Ca(OH)2 or CaO powder mixture (using molar ratio of CaO (or Ca(OH)2):ZnO of 1:2) with the addition of required water amount to form calcium zinc hydroxide hydrate (CaZn2(OH)6•2H2O) and subsequent calcinations at 700 °C in air atmosphere. The methanolysis of sunflower oil was studied at 60 °C with the molar ratio of methanol to oil of 10:1 and with 2 wt% of catalyst based on oil weight. Characterisation of the catalyst was performed by XRD, TGA/DSC, FTIR, the particle size distribution and Hammett indicator method. The solubility of the catalyst in methanol at 60 °C was also determined by measuring the calcium(II) and zinc(II) concentration. The results showed that whether Ca(OH)2 or CaO were used as a starting material, after calcination an active catalyst composed of CaO and ZnO was obtained. When CaO was used in the starting mixture, basicity was slightly higher, while the amount of present carbonates was lower.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society
C3  - The First Serbian Ceramic Society Conference "Advanced Ceramics and Application" May 10-11, 2012: Program and the Book of Abstracts
T1  - Mechanochemical Preparation of CaO·ZnO – catalyst for Fatty Acids Methyl Esters Synthesis
SP  - 18
EP  - 18
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Lukić, Ivana and Kesić, Željka and Zdujić, Miodrag and Jovanović, Dušan and Liu, Hui and Skala, Dejan",
year = "2012",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/513",
abstract = "One of the catalysts that show excellent activity in the methanolysis of vegetable oil under moderate reaction conditions is the mixture of CaO and ZnO oxides. In this study CaO•ZnO catalyst was synthesized by mechanochemical treatment of ZnO and Ca(OH)2 or CaO powder mixture (using molar ratio of CaO (or Ca(OH)2):ZnO of 1:2) with the addition of required water amount to form calcium zinc hydroxide hydrate (CaZn2(OH)6•2H2O) and subsequent calcinations at 700 °C in air atmosphere. The methanolysis of sunflower oil was studied at 60 °C with the molar ratio of methanol to oil of 10:1 and with 2 wt% of catalyst based on oil weight. Characterisation of the catalyst was performed by XRD, TGA/DSC, FTIR, the particle size distribution and Hammett indicator method. The solubility of the catalyst in methanol at 60 °C was also determined by measuring the calcium(II) and zinc(II) concentration. The results showed that whether Ca(OH)2 or CaO were used as a starting material, after calcination an active catalyst composed of CaO and ZnO was obtained. When CaO was used in the starting mixture, basicity was slightly higher, while the amount of present carbonates was lower.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society",
journal = "The First Serbian Ceramic Society Conference "Advanced Ceramics and Application" May 10-11, 2012: Program and the Book of Abstracts",
title = "Mechanochemical Preparation of CaO·ZnO – catalyst for Fatty Acids Methyl Esters Synthesis",
pages = "18-18"
}
Lukić, I., Kesić, Ž., Zdujić, M., Jovanović, D., Liu, H.,& Skala, D. (2012). Mechanochemical Preparation of CaO·ZnO – catalyst for Fatty Acids Methyl Esters Synthesis.
The First Serbian Ceramic Society Conference "Advanced Ceramics and Application" May 10-11, 2012: Program and the Book of Abstracts
Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society., 18-18.
Lukić I, Kesić Ž, Zdujić M, Jovanović D, Liu H, Skala D. Mechanochemical Preparation of CaO·ZnO – catalyst for Fatty Acids Methyl Esters Synthesis. The First Serbian Ceramic Society Conference "Advanced Ceramics and Application" May 10-11, 2012: Program and the Book of Abstracts. 2012;:18-18
Lukić Ivana, Kesić Željka, Zdujić Miodrag, Jovanović Dušan, Liu Hui, Skala Dejan, "Mechanochemical Preparation of CaO·ZnO – catalyst for Fatty Acids Methyl Esters Synthesis" The First Serbian Ceramic Society Conference "Advanced Ceramics and Application" May 10-11, 2012: Program and the Book of Abstracts (2012):18-18

Mechanochemical preparation and characterization of CaO·ZnO used as catalyst for biodiesel synthesis

Kesić, Željka; Lukić, Ivana; Brkić, Dragana; Rogan, Jelena; Zdujić, Miodrag; Liu, Hui; Skala, Dejan

(Elsevier, 2012)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Kesić, Željka
AU  - Lukić, Ivana
AU  - Brkić, Dragana
AU  - Rogan, Jelena
AU  - Zdujić, Miodrag
AU  - Liu, Hui
AU  - Skala, Dejan
PY  - 2012
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/473
AB  - In this study, the synthesis of biodiesel or fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) from sunflower oil and methanol using CaO·ZnO catalyst was investigated. Catalyst was synthesized by ball milling of Ca(OH)2 and ZnO powder mixture with the addition of water (BMH), as well as solely by ball milling of mentioned powders (BM) and subsequent calcination at 700 °C in air atmosphere. For comparison, the CaO·ZnO mixed oxide was also prepared using usual coprecipitation procedure (CP) followed by calcination at 700 °C of the formed calcium zinc hydroxide hydrate. The BMH, BM and CP catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), particle size distribution measurement and scanning electron microscopy (SEM and SEM-EDS). In addition, specific surface area (BET), solubility in methanol at 60 °C and alkalinity (Hammett indicator method) were also determined. The activity of BMH, BM and CP catalysts for biodiesel synthesis were tested at 60 °C and 1 bar, using molar ratio of sunflower oil to methanol of 1:10 and with 2 wt% of catalyst based on oil weight.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Applied Catalysis A: General
T1  - Mechanochemical preparation and characterization of CaO·ZnO used as catalyst for biodiesel synthesis
SP  - 58
EP  - 65
DO  - 10.1016/j.apcata.2012.03.032
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Kesić, Željka and Lukić, Ivana and Brkić, Dragana and Rogan, Jelena and Zdujić, Miodrag and Liu, Hui and Skala, Dejan",
year = "2012",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/473",
abstract = "In this study, the synthesis of biodiesel or fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) from sunflower oil and methanol using CaO·ZnO catalyst was investigated. Catalyst was synthesized by ball milling of Ca(OH)2 and ZnO powder mixture with the addition of water (BMH), as well as solely by ball milling of mentioned powders (BM) and subsequent calcination at 700 °C in air atmosphere. For comparison, the CaO·ZnO mixed oxide was also prepared using usual coprecipitation procedure (CP) followed by calcination at 700 °C of the formed calcium zinc hydroxide hydrate. The BMH, BM and CP catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), particle size distribution measurement and scanning electron microscopy (SEM and SEM-EDS). In addition, specific surface area (BET), solubility in methanol at 60 °C and alkalinity (Hammett indicator method) were also determined. The activity of BMH, BM and CP catalysts for biodiesel synthesis were tested at 60 °C and 1 bar, using molar ratio of sunflower oil to methanol of 1:10 and with 2 wt% of catalyst based on oil weight.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Applied Catalysis A: General",
title = "Mechanochemical preparation and characterization of CaO·ZnO used as catalyst for biodiesel synthesis",
pages = "58-65",
doi = "10.1016/j.apcata.2012.03.032"
}
Kesić, Ž., Lukić, I., Brkić, D., Rogan, J., Zdujić, M., Liu, H.,& Skala, D. (2012). Mechanochemical preparation and characterization of CaO·ZnO used as catalyst for biodiesel synthesis.
Applied Catalysis A: General
Elsevier., 58-65.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2012.03.032
Kesić Ž, Lukić I, Brkić D, Rogan J, Zdujić M, Liu H, Skala D. Mechanochemical preparation and characterization of CaO·ZnO used as catalyst for biodiesel synthesis. Applied Catalysis A: General. 2012;:58-65
Kesić Željka, Lukić Ivana, Brkić Dragana, Rogan Jelena, Zdujić Miodrag, Liu Hui, Skala Dejan, "Mechanochemical preparation and characterization of CaO·ZnO used as catalyst for biodiesel synthesis" Applied Catalysis A: General (2012):58-65,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2012.03.032 .
9
58
58
69