The crystal structure, microstructure, and dielectric properties of BaTi1-xSnxO3 (x = 0,0.05 and 0.1) ceramics sintered in different atmospheres (air and Ar)
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Due to specific dielectric and ferroelectric properties, functional ceramics based on barium titanate (BaTiO3) have found application in semiconductor industries. Appropriate electrical properties of barium titanate-based materials, such as magnitude of relative dielectric permittivity and the Curie temperature, could be achieved by varying the sintering conditions (which influenced ceramics’ microstructure) and/or by doping with various cations. Here, we investigated an influence of sintering atmosphere (air and argon) on the crystal structure, microstructure, and dielectric properties of barium titanate-stannate (BTS; BaTi1-xSnxO3) ceramics. The BTS powders (with x = 0, 0.05 and 0.1; denoted BT, BTS5 and BTS 10, respectively) were synthesized by solid-state reaction technique. In the following, the powders were uniaxially pressed (P = 240 MPa) into cylindrical compacts (Ø6 mm and h approx. 2 mm) and sintered in SETSYS TMA (Setaram Instrumentation, Caluire, France) by heating rate of ...10 °/min up 1420 °C and with dwell time of 2 hours. To establish the influence of a sintering atmosphere two sets of experiments were performed: (1) in air, and (2) in Ar. During sintering, the shrinkage was recorded in axial (h) direction. The crystal structure of BTS ceramics were studied at room temperature by X-ray diffractometry and Raman spectroscopy. The microstructure and chemical (Ti/Sn) composition were examined by SEM–EDS methods. The electrical measurements were made in air, at 1 kHz using a Wayne Kerr Universal Bridge B224; the measurements were done in cooling, from 160 to 20 °C. A profound effect of argon atmosphere on the magnitude of relative dielectric permittivity of sintered BTS ceramics has been found.
Keywords:barium titanate stannate / sintering / ferroelectric properties / dielectric properties
Source:Program and the Book of Abstracts / Fourteenth Young Researchers' Conference Materials Sciences and Engineering, December 9-11, 2015, Belgrade, Serbia, 2015, 40-40
- Belgrade : Institute of Technical Sciences of SASA