Synthesis and application of silica particles for the removal of heavy metals and pesticide residues from aqueous solutions
AuthorsNikolić, Milan P.
Pavlović, Vladimir B.
Stanojević Nikolić, Slobodanka S.
Srdić, Vladimir V.
Conference object (Published version)
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In this study, the adsorption behavior of silica adsorbents with different morphology and porosity has been examined in order to evaluate their use for the purification of wastewaters containing toxic environmental chemicals such as heavy metals and pesticide residues. Three different types of silica particles were investigated: (i) microporous silica core particles prepared by the hydrolysis and condensation of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), (ii) mesoporous silica particles generated by the neutralization of highly basic sodium silicate solution and (iii) silica core-shell particles composed of mesoporous silica layers around dense cores. Monodispersed spherical silica particles produced from TEOS have a microporous structure but the lowest adsorption efficiency and adsorption capacity of both heavy metals and pesticides. Polydispersed silica particles of irregular shape prepared from highly basic sodium silicate solution exhibit a mesoporous structure and high efficiency for the rem...oval of heavy metals and pesticides from aqueous solutions. Monodispersed core-shell particles composed of a microporous core and a mesoporous shell also have high adsorption efficiencies in both combinations. Moreover, silica particles can be easily functionalized with ferrite nanoparticles, which allow the magnetic separation of silica adsorbents from aqueous solutions.
Keywords:silica particles / adsorption / purification of wastewater
Source:Programme and the Book of Abstracts / 5th Conference of The Serbian Society for Ceramic Materials, 5CSCS-2019, June 11-13, 2019, Belgrade, Serbia, 2019, 84-84
- Belgrade : Institute for Multidisciplinary Research