In situ synthesis and characterization of hydroxyapatite/titanium oxide coatings derived by anodization and anaphoretic deposition
AuthorsPantović Pavlović, Marijana R.
Pavlović, Miroslav M.
Eraković, Sanja G.
Stevanović, Jasmina S.
Panić, Vladimir V.
Conference object (Published version)
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Titanium substrates were electrochemically treated by novel in-situ synthesis method to produce anaphoretic hydroxyapatite/titanium oxide (HAp/TiO2) coating. This synthesis method was performed via anaphoretic deposition of hydroxyapatite and simultaneous anodization of Ti in order to produce highly adherent and strengthened composite coating, where the influence of electric potential, time, electrolyte concentration and pH value of the anodization process on titanium surface roughness and adhesion strength of composite HAp/TiO2 coatings was examined. In situ synthesis was performed in different solutions containing different concentrations of NaOH, HAp and ethanol at different values of time and constant voltage. The effects of anodizing voltage on the morphology and bioactivity of the HAp coating and on the bonding strength between the HAp coating and the anodized substrates were investigated. A modified chemical precipitation method was used to prepare hydroxyapatite powder by the r...eaction of stoichiometric amount of calcium oxide and phosphoric acid. Prior to novel in situ synthesis of HAp/TiO2 composite coatings, optimization of anodization process of titanium was performed. Anodization was executed under different electric potentials and different distances of counter electrodes from working electrodes, but all experiments had constant quantity of electric charge. Results indicated that highly ordered amorphous TiO2 surface is formed on the Ti substrate after anodic oxidation. Characterization of titanium samples having rectangular contact surfaces of 10×10×0.89 mm included SEM/EDS analyses, X-ray diffraction analyses, AFM surface topography, morphology and roughness analyses and linear measurements of roughness. The prepared coatings were characterized by FE-SEM, XRD and EDS. Adhesion was investigated by ASTM D 3359–97 Test method B. Uniform and adherent HAp/TiO2 composite coating on Ti was obtained. The results of simulated body fluid immersing experiments suggest that obtained HAp coating exhibits promising bioactivity. The obtained coating can be good candidate for bone implants due to improved adhesion.
Keywords:titanium substrates / hydroxyapatite/titanium oxide / anaphoretic deposition / anodization / composite coatings
Source:Programme and book of abstracts / 13th Conference for Young Scientists in Ceramics (CYSC-2017), October 16-19, 2019, Novi Sad, 2019, 131-131
- Novi Sad : Faculty of Technology