Synthesis, characterization and toxicity studies of gelatin modified zinc oxide nanoparticles
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Nanostructured zinc oxides are promising materials for numerous biomedical applications where they can serve as therapeutic agents or tools for sensing and imaging. Despite their favorable properties, wider use of zinc oxide nanoparticles in biomedicine is limited by toxicity issues. Therefore, new synthesis approaches should be devised to obtain zinc oxide nanoparticles which are safe-by-design. We present an innovative low-cost wet precipitation synthesis of gelatin modified zinc oxide nanoparticles at the gel/liquid interface. The diffusion of ammonia through the gelatin hydrogels of different porosities induces precipitation of the product in contact with the surface of the aqueous solution of zinc ions. After thermal treatment of the precipitate, adsorbed organic residues of decomposed gelatin act as modifiers of zinc oxide nanoparticles. We characterized the physicochemical properties of obtained gelatin modified zinc oxide nanoparticles by XRD, FTIR, DTA/TG, and SEM. The synthes...ized nanoparticles show hexagonal wurtzite structure and form flakelike aggregates. FTIR and DTA/TG analyses indicate that the thermal decomposition of adsorbed gelatin depends on the gelatin content of the hydrogel used in the synthesis. We also examined the viability of HepG2 cells, generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species, and genotoxicity using the MTS, DCFH-DA, and alkaline comet assay, respectively. Fabricated gelatin modified zinc oxide nanoparticles show very low toxicity potential at doses relevant for human exposure.
Keywords:zinc oxide / nanoparticles / gelatin / genotoxicity
Source:Program and the Book of abstracts / Eighteenth Young Researchers' Conference Materials Sciences and Engineering, December 4-6, 2019, Belgrade, Serbia, 2019, 3-3
- Belgrade : Institute of Technical Sciences of SASA