O nekim aspektima analize kauzativnih glagola
Some Aspects of the Analysis of Causative Verbs
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Саusative verbs are a very large class of transitive verbs that ideally presuppose conscious agency and have as a result of the action or process they refer to some kind of change in their object. In other words the initiator of the action or process associated with the verb is typically animate and the consequence of the activity denoted by the verb is some change of state of the object. This change has to be interpreted rather widely, referring to a change in physical or mental condition of the object or in its concrete or abstract location. (John cooked the apples. John freightened the girl. John тоved the rock. John taught Mary algebra.) Саusative verbs are then mostly do-toº verbs and it is thought that the vast majority of bivalent and trivalent verbs in all languages have gene rally though not always causative meaning. Маny causative verbs have intransitive equivalents and refer to an event or process without mentioning an agent: The door opened. In some languages t...he transitive and intransitive pairs of verbs can have the same phonological shape (e.g. in English: The door opened. John opened the door), in others they are related by means of a productive morphological construc tion (e.g. in Turkish, by suffixation: Bill oldu (Bill died), John Billy oldürdü (John killed Bill), the intransitive use can be marked morphologically by the reflexive pronoun se (e.g. in Serbo-Croatian: Ivan je pomakao stijenu. Stijena se pomakla), the relation can be lexicalized as in the case of die— kill, etС. The group of the coercive-manipulative verbs which occur with sen tential complements and involve predicate raising has been shortly analysed as involving agency of the object of the main verb, that is the actor of the subordinate verb (John forced Peter to leave early). They were devided into implicative, neg-implicative and nonimplicatice groups with respect to the truth of their complement sentence (only implicative verbs in past tense imply the truth of their complement: John forced Peter to leave early implies Peter left early), or with respect to the kind of environment they form for the objects of their complement sentence (it is only implicative verbs that form monopaque evrironments: John forced Mary to sing a song, a song is interpreted only referentially). It is considered that the localistic case grammar developped whithin the theory of generative semantics offers a good framework for the analysis of causativity. Some possibilities are given for the illustration of deep struc ture cases involved in sentences with coercive-manipulative group of verbs with sentential complements.
Source:Јужнословенски филолог, 1978, 34, 59-87
- Београд : Институт за српскохрватски језик