Freeze-drying method to produce a range of PCL particles with tailored morphological properties
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Poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL) is a widely investigated bioresorbable polymer and it has been extensively used in numerous biomaterials applications especially in tissue engineering and drug delivery systems. Freeze-dried particles of poly (ε-caprolactone), with different morphological characteristics (spherical or cube in shape), were prepared by physicochemical method with solvent/non-solvent systems and by using the different types of cryoprotectants. Natural polymer poly (L-glutamic acid) (PGA) as well as disaccharide, saccharose, were used as cryoprotectant i.e. substance that is used to protect particles from freezing damage (damage due to ice formation). PGA has dual role in the synthesis; besides as cryoprotectant, it acts as stabilizer of the particles i.e. to prevent their agglomeration. The samples were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The biocompatibility of the samples was examined by the 3-(4,5-dimethylth...iazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. The formation of intracellular reactive oxygen species was measured spectrophotometrically using a fluorescent probe.
Keywords:poly (ε-caprolactone) / bioresorbable polymers / poly (L-glutamic acid) / freeze-drying
Source:The Fourteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2012: Programme and the Book of Abstracts, 2012, 124-124
- Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia