Музичко пројектовање нације: етносимболизам Мокрањчевих руковети
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У тексту се Мокрањчеви руковетни циклуси сагледавају као стваралачко пројектовање нације. Руковети су проучене из теоријске перспективе етносимболизма, па је и фолклорна материја посматрана контекстуално, чиме је омогућено дефинисање Мокрањчевог односа према патријархалној култури, као и тумачење просторних и временских аспеката нације, које је Мокрањац понудио кроз произвођење интегралне традиције српске народне песме у пољу уметничке музике.
This article deals with Stevan Mokranjac’s ffthteen garlands (rukoveti), which are commonly regarded as the national project in Serbian art music that was accomplished through the producing of the tradition of the Serbian folk song. The garlands are examined by employing the concept of ethno-symbolism, theoretically associated with Anthony Smith. The elements of ethno-symbolism, and especially those aspects of this theory through which the articulation of a national identity activates connections with pre-modern myths, recollections and collective symbols, have proven useful in contextualization of folk material and its ethnological environment, with which the art work establishes intertextual connections. With his project Mokranjac created a rich network of ethno-symbols associated with the themes and motives of both rural and semi-urban communities that were characterized by their preservation of the model of patriarchal culture. Their strong attachment to ‘ethno-history’ a...s well as ‘symbolic geography’ produced various ‘ethno-scapes’, which established an increasingly symbiotic context of a ‘naturalized’ community and ‘historicized’ nature and territory. Mokranjac presented them as a representative sample in the process of legitimizing national consolidation and homogenization through the folk song. These aspects are observed in both textual and musical dimensions of Mokranjac’s garlands. The connection between his feldwork and his compositions is also problematized. Mokranjac’s garlands are distinguished by their inclusiveness and a constant blending of older and newer ethno-historical elements, with an aim of constructing a unique tradition of national song, as an integral time-and-space image of the nation. Through this dimension of collectivism we can observe Mokranjac’s close connection to the patriarchal culture, as it remained an important ethno-symbolist element in both the politics and the poetics of his artistic project. At the same time, it provided a platform for free invention when it came to the more advanced stages of composition, when the patriarchal culture would be subjected to transfguration by his individual creative imperatives. Mokranjac’s Garlands were the frst works in Serbian music to emerge as results of an aesthetically rounded and ideologically grounded compositional project, which facilitated their canonization within the framework of Serbian art music.
Keywords:Стеван Стојановић Мокрањац / руковети / етносимболизам / нација / традиција
Source:Музикологија, 2014, 16, 211-226
- Београд : Музиколошки институт Српске академије наука и уметности
- Serbian musical identities within local and global frameworks: traditions, changes, challenges (RS-177004)