Assessment of Spasticity by a Pendulum Test in SCI Patients Who Exercise FES Cycling or Receive only Conventional Therapy
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AuthorsPopović Maneski, Lana
Popović, Dejan B.
Article (Published version)
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Increased muscle tone and exaggerated tendon reflexes characterize most of the individuals after a spinal cord injury (SCI). We estimated seven parameters from the pendulum test and used them to compare with the Ashworth modified scale of spasticity grades in three populations (retrospective study) to assess their spasticity. Three ASIA B SCI patients who exercised on a stationary FES bicycle formed group F, six ASIA B SCI patients who received only conventional therapy were in the group C, and six healthy individuals constituted the group H. The parameters from the pendulum test were used to form a single measure, termed the PT score, for each subject. The pendulum test parameters show differences between the F and C groups, but not between the F and H groups, however, statistical significance was limited due to the small study size. Results show a small deviation from the mean for all parameters in the F group and substantial deviations from the mean for the parameters in the C group.... PT scores show significant differences between the F and C groups and the C and H groups and no differences between the F and C groups. The correlation between the PT score and Ashworth score was 0.88. © 2017 IEEE.
Keywords:exercise / FES cycling / pendulum test / spasticity / spinal cord injury
Source:IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, 2018, 26, 1, 181-187
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