Hydrothermal synthesis of nanostructured Y2O3 and (Y0.75Gd0.25)2O3 based phosphors
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Examples of (Y2O3–Gd2O3):Eu3+ and Y2O3:(Yb3+/Er3+) rare earth oxide-based phosphors are presented to highlight the controlled synthesis of 1D and 2D nanostructures through simple hydrothermal method. Conversion of the starting nitrates mixture into carbonate hydrate phase is performed with the help of ammonium hydrogen carbonate solution during hydrothermal treatment at 200 °C/3 h. Morphological architectures of rare earth oxides obtained after subsequent powders thermal treatment at 600 and 1100 °C for 3 and 12 h and their correlation with the optical characteristics are discussed based on X-ray powder diffractometry, field emission scanning electron microscopy, infrared spectroscopy and photoluminescence measurements. Strong red and green emission followed by the superior decay times are attributed to the high powders purity and homogeneous dopants distribution over the host lattice matrix.
Keywords:hydrothermal synthesis / luminescence / down-convertors / up-convertors / (Y0.75Gd0.25)2O3:Eu3+ / Y2O3:Yb3+ and Er3+
Source:Optical Materials, 2013, 35, 10, 1817-1823