Synthesis of BaTiO3 from a mechanically activated BaCO 3-TiO2 system
AuthorsPavlović, Vera P.
Stojanović, B. D.
Pavlović, Vladimir B.
Marinkovic Stanojević, Zorica
Ristic, Momčilo M.
Article (Published version)
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In this article the solid state reaction of BaTiO3 formation from a mechanically activated BaCO3-TiO2 system has been investigated. An equimolar mixture of BaCO3 and TiO2 powders was activated in a planetary ball mill in a continual regime for 0, 30 and 90 min, pressed and thermally treated up to 1200°C. The efect of the milling and firing regime on the phase formation was investigated by the X-ray diffraction (XRD) method and differential thermal analysis (DTA). Deconvolution of the experimental DTA curve corresponding to the BaTiO3 synthesis process has been performed. The influence of the activation time on the change of characteristic temperature for each elementary step in the complete solid-state reaction of BaTiO3 formation, was analyzed. These results were correlated with the ones obtained by SEM characterization and by XRD analysis.
Keywords:barium titanate / mechanical activation / sintering
Source:Science of Sintering, 2008, 40, 1, 21-26
- Belgrade : International Institute for the Science of Sintering