Enhanced high-temperature electrical response of hydroxyapatite upon grain size refinement
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Correlation between high-temperature electrical response and microstructural properties of dense hydroxyapatite with average grain size from micrometer to nanometer level in heating/cooling cycle was investigated. Grain interior and grain boundary contributions to overall conductivity were determined. Nanostructured hydroxyapatite exhibited enhanced grain interior conductivity, with significantly higher activation energy (∼2.4 eV) than that of coarsed microstructures (∼1.7 eV). This difference in activation energies is explained by the possible influence of dehydroxylation during materials fabrication procedure, which affected the amount of OH- ions as the main charge carriers. Grain boundary conductivity was similar for all microstructures, with activation energy above ∼2 eV, implying the OH- ions migration across grain boundaries. Electrical response in cooling cycle confirmed the trends found during heating. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Извор:Materials Research Bulletin, 2015, 61, 534-538