Crystal structure of cobalt-substituted calcium hydroxyapatite nanopowders prepared by hydrothermal processing
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Stojanović, Zoran S.
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A series of cobalt-exchanged hydroxyapatite (CoHAp) powders with different Ca/Co ratios and nominal unit-cell contents Ca10-x Cox (PO4)6(OH)2, x = 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5 and 2.0, were synthesized by hydrothermal treatment of a precipitate at 473 K for 8 h. Based on ICP (inductively coupled plasma) emission spectroscopy analysis, it was established that the maximum amount of cobalt incorporation saturated at 7sim;12 at.% under these conditions. The effects of cobalt content on the CoHAp powders were investigated using ICP emission spectroscopy, particle size analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) analyses as well as X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) including Rietveld analysis. According to XRPD, all the materials are single-phase HAp and CoHAp of low crystallinity. Rietveld analysis shows that Co enrichment causes the c cell parameter to decrease at a faster rate than the a cell parameter. A microstructural analysis showed ...anisotropic X-ray line broadening due to crystallite size reduction. In CoHAp there is significant crystal elongation in , and the average size decreases with increasing cobalt content. The crystallite morphology transforms from rod-like for the pure HAp to lamellae at the highest degree of Co substitution. The results of Rietveld refinement (symmetry, size and morphology of the crystallites) were confirmed by TEM and HRTEM analysis. © 2010 International Union of Crystallography. Printed in Singapore-all rights reserved.
Keywords:CoHAp powders / cobalt-exchanged hydroxyapatite / nanopowders / nanopowders
Source:Journal of Applied Crystallography, 2010, 43, 2, 320-327
- Chester: International Union of Crystallography