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dc.creatorКрешић, Огњен
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-08T10:45:20Z
dc.date.available2018-06-08T10:45:20Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.issn0350-0489
dc.identifier.urihttp://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/3332
dc.description.abstractУ судском поступку на кадијским судовима постојале су две врсте сведока: сведоци који су давали изјаве о самом случају који је разматран и сведоци чина. Друга врста сведока није учествовала у самом процесу, већ је својим присуством давала легитимност раду суда. Поред муслимана и хришћани су могли да обављају ову дужност, у случајевима када су у парници учествовали хришћани. То су могле бити особе од угледа у локалној заједници, како световна тако и црквена лица, али и особе које су на неки начин биле повезане са случајем о коме се расправљало.sr
dc.description.abstractThe kadi courts were among the most important institutions in the Ottoman Empire, with both administrative and judicial responsibilities. Every subject of the Ottoman Sultan, Muslim or non-Muslim, had a right to approach kadi in order to solve a variety of issues. The aim of this paper is to analyze the participation of Christians in the work of the courts as a specific kind of witnesses. Namely, beside the “ordinary” witnesses in a case, in the Islamic tradition there was another kind of witnesses – instrumental witnesses or witnesses of the judiciary act (şuhud ul-hal). Their names were recorded at the end of any document issued by judge and their role was to guarantee the validity of the judiciary process. If one or both litigants were Christians, their coreligionists could also be recorded among the şuhud ul-hal. Sometimes, they were personally connected to the case, for example as neighbors. In other cases they were chosen among local notables, both clerical and lay. Beside formal, the institution of the şuhud ul-hal had its practical importance in the functioning of the judicial courts, mainly as one of the much needed connections between a kadi, appointed by the central government, and the local community. As the religious heterogeneity was a widespread characteristic of the Ottoman society, the presence of the Christians among the members of the şuhud ul-hal was a kind of adaptation of the traditional Islamic institutions to the realities existing in the Ottoman lands.sr
dc.language.isosrsr
dc.publisherНови Сад : Матица српскаsr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Basic Research (BR or ON)/177003/RS//sr
dc.rightsopenAccesssr
dc.sourceЗборник Матице српске за историјуsr
dc.subjectОсманско царствоsr
dc.subjectхришћаниsr
dc.subjectкадијски судовиsr
dc.subjectсведоциsr
dc.subjectсведоци чинаsr
dc.subjectзимијеsr
dc.subjectOttoman Empiresr
dc.subjectChristianssr
dc.subjectkadi courtssr
dc.subjectwitnesses of the judiciary actsr
dc.subjectzimmissr
dc.titleХришћани као сведоци чина (şuhud ul-hal) на кадијским судовима у Османском царствуsr
dc.typearticlesr
dc.rights.licenseBY-NC-NDsr
dcterms.abstractKrešić, Ognjen; Hrišćani kao svedoci čina (şuhud ul-hal) na kadijskim sudovima u Osmanskom carstvu;
dc.citation.spage23
dc.citation.epage34
dc.citation.volume89
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionsr
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://dais.sanu.ac.rs/bitstream/id/10610/Kresic-2014-Hriscani-kao-svedoci-cina-na-kadijskim-sudovima-u-Osmanskom-carstvu.pdf


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