Communion songs not regulated by the typicon in the recent tradition of Serbian church singing
Tipikom nepropisane pričasne pesme u novijoj tradiciji srpskog crkvenog pojanja
АуториPeno Vesna M.
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In notated collections of Serbian church hymns from the 19th and 20th century there are, among others, communion songs with texts that were not regulated by the Typicon. These so-called "arbitrary communion songs" have been very popular in the recent tradition of Serbian church chanting. They have been gradually pushing out the hymns that are regulated for singing on concrete days and feasts during the church year. Analysis of possible influences that determined the way texts and the melodies delved into the recent Serbian church chanting follows two possible directions. The first commenced from late-Byzantine singing tradition; more specifically, from a group of songs that although based on liturgical texts, were performed in extra-liturgical occasions. These are calophonic irmoi which were composed by a great number of known late-Byzantine masters of singing. The second direction had its beginning in Russian spiritual music that generated a new melodic genre kant, based on western mo...dels. The majority of those compositions have freely written spiritual texts, too, and not part of the liturgy. Kanti were, namely, singing numbers in liturgical dramas - theatrical pieces with Christian historical themes. The majority of arbitrary communion hymns from Serbian collections have texts from the psalms or use texts for irmoi of specific canons. There is only one text that does not belong to the output of church hymnography. In spite of that, the melodies of the analyzed hymns reflect the presence of traditional compositional procedures characteristic of late-Byzantine and Serbian traditions. On either side, they possess atypical musical phrases that relate them to the the kanti. The usage of paraliturgical songs instead of communion hymns is commentated upon from the liturgic aspect also. That song belongs to the central part of the Liturgy and most fundamental during the service of the Orthodox church. Therefore the deviation in Serbian practice from the rules that define its place and role demonstrate the distancing from the tradition, raises a fundamental question: is liturgical meaning being compromised.
Novijoj tradiciji srpskog crkvenog pojanja pripada posebna grupa pričasnih pesama čiji tekstovi nisu propisani pravilima Tipika. Značaj i funkcija koju pričasna himna ima u centralnom delu Evharistije, a koja je najvažnija služba Pravoslavne crkve, sagledana je u radu sa liturgičkog aspekta. Sami tekstovi i melodije razmatrani su iz perspektive kasnovizantijskih i ruskih uticaja, pod kojima se očigledno formiralo novije srpsko pojanje. Reč je naime, o pojačkim žanrovima: kalofoničnom irmosu i kantu, koji nikada nisu imali mesto u samom bogosluženju.
Кључне речи:pričasna pesma / notni zbornici / tipik / liturgija / pričešće / kasnovizantijska i ruska pojačka tradicija / kalofonija / kalofonični irmos / kant
Извор:Muzikologija, 2004, 4, 121-152