Synthesis of BaFe12O19-BaTiO3 multiferroics by mechanical activation
Ranđelović Ćirić, V.
Minić, Dragica M.
ContributorsMitić, Vojislav V.
Conference object (Published version)
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A mixture of polycrystalline powders of Fe (70 % wt.) and BaTiO3 (30 % wt.) was ball-milled in a planetary mill under air atmosphere, for different time intervals: 60, 120, 180, 240, 300 and 360 min. During the mechanical activation, the powder was exposed to oxygen from the air, resulting in formation of iron oxides: FeO and then Fe2O3 and Fe3O4. XRD and SEM analyses of the activated powders revealed that the weight fraction of the iron oxides in the mixture and microcrystal size depend on the activation time. For the powders activated for different time intervals, average crystallite size (Dhkl), dislocation density (ρn) and average microcrystal size of BaTiO3 and Fe were determined. In order to investigate the influence of thermally induced structural changes on magnetic properties, the change of magnetic properties of the pressed activated powders during multiple heating in a magnetic field of 10KA/m was measured. Maximum magnetization of the samples was reached after heating at 62...0 K. Pressed powder samples were sintered at temperatures of 1100 oC and 1200 °C for 2h giving the different phase diagrams. The samples sintered at 1100 oC include BaTiO3, BaFe12O19 and BaFeO2,67 as the dominant components. The samples sintered at 1200 °C containing only two components, BaTiO3 and BaFe12O19, exhibited pronounced ferromagnetic and ferroelectric properties
Keywords:BaFe12O19-BaTiO3 / ball milling / magnetic properties / mechanical activation
Source:Program and the Book of Abstracts / Serbian Ceramic Society Conference Advanced Ceramics and Application VI: New Frontiers in Multifunctional Material Science and Processing, Serbia, Belgrade, September 18-20, 2017, 2017
- Belgrade : Serbian Ceramic Society