Synthesis of core-shell hematite (α-Fe2O3) nanoplates: Quantitative analysis of the particle structure and shape, high coercivity and low cytotoxicity
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Nikodinović Runić, Jasmina
Stojanović, Zoran S.
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Hematite core-shell nanoparticles with plate-like morphology were synthesized using a one-step hydrothermal synthesis. An XRPD analysis indicates that the sample consist of single-phase α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles. SEM and TEM measurements show that the hematite sample is composed of uniform core-shell nanoplates with 10–20 nm thickness, 80–100 nm landscape dimensions (aspect ratio ∼5) and 3–4 nm thickness of the surface shells. We used computational methods for the quantitative analysis of the core–shell particle structure and circularity shape descriptor for the quantitative shape analysis of the nanoparticles from TEM micrographs. The calculated results indicated that a percentage of the shell area in the nanoparticle area (share [%]) is significant. The determined values of circularity in the perpendicular and oblique perspective clearly show shape anisotropy of the nanoplates. The magnetic properties revealed the ferromagnetic-like properties at room temperature with high coercivity HC ...= 2340 Oe, pointing to the shape and surface effects. These results signify core-shell hematite nanoparticles’ for practical applications in magnetic devices. The synthesized hematite plate-like nanoparticles exhibit low cytotoxicity levels on the human lung fibroblasts (MRC5) cell line demonstrating the safe use of these nanoparticles for biomedical applications.
Keywords:hematite (α-Fe2O3) / iron oxide / magnetic materials / surface effects / cytotoxicity
Source:Applied Surface Science, 2017, 403, 628-634
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