Ho2O3 Additive Effects on BaTiO3 Ceramics Microstructure and Dielectric Properties
Mitić, Vojislav V.
Pavlović, Vera P.
ContributorsRistić, Momčilo M.
Article (Published version)
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Doped BaTiO 3-ceramics is very interesting for their application as PTCR resistors, multilayer ceramic capacitors, thermal sensors etc. Ho doped BaTiO 3 ceramics, with different Ho 2O 3 content, ranging from 0.01 to 1.0 wt% Ho, were investigated regarding their microstructural and dielectric characteristics. The samples were prepared by the conventional solid state reaction and sintered at 1320° and 1380°C in an air atmosphere for 4 hours. The grain size and microstructure characteristics for various samples and their phase composition was carried out using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with EDS system. SEM analysis of Ho/BaTiO 3 doped ceramics showed that in samples doped with a rare-earth ions low level, the grain size ranged from 20-30μμm, while with the higher dopant concentration the abnormal grain growth is inhibited and the grain size ranged between 2-10μμm. Dielectric measurements were carried out as a function of temperature up to180 °C. The low doped samples s...intered at 1380 °C, display the high value of dielectric permittivity at room temperature, 2400 for 0.01 Ho/BaTiO 3. A nearly flat permittivity-response was obtained in specimens with higher additive content. Using a Curie-Weiss low and modified CurieWeiss low the Curie constant (C), Curie temperature (Tc) and a critical exponent of nonlinearity (γ) were calculated. The obtained value of γ pointed out that the specimens have almost sharp phase transition.
Keywords:BaTiO3 / barium titanate / dielectric properties / microstructure / sintering
Source:Science of Sintering, 2012, 44, 2, 223-233
- Belgrade : International Institute for the Science of Sintering