Optimizing storage conditions to prevent cold denaturation of trypsin for sequencing and to prolong its shelf life
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Trypsin is a serine protease with widespread applications, including protein sequencing and trypsin mass fingerprinting. In the present study, the storage of trypsin in acidic conditions significantly affected the recovery of activity (40%) after 7 freeze–thaw cycles. Further, trypsin lost parts of its native secondary structure elements, which resulted in a 10% increase in β-sheet content (band maximum detected at a frequency of 1634 cm−1 in the Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrum) indicative of freezing-induced denaturation of the protein. The cold storage of trypsin in ammonium bicarbonate (pH 8.2) with the addition of cryoprotectants, such as glycerol or lysine, led to protein stabilization (complete secondary structure content preservation was detected by FT-IR), higher activity recovery (>90%) and modest autolysis (<10%). High activity recovery (>90%) was also detected with the addition of propylene glycol and polyethylene glycol, saccharides and arginine. Nevertheless, t...rypsin stored at pH 8.2 with the addition of glycerol or lysine was as efficient as untreated trypsin in the trypsin mass fingerprinting analysis of BSA, suggesting that the cold storage of trypsin in slightly alkaline conditions with the addition of cryoprotectants could prolong its shelf life.
Keywords:Enzyme activity / Cold stability / Protein recovery / Protein denaturation / Proteolysis
Source:Biochemical Engineering Journal, 2016, 105, A, 168-176