Polypyrrole-based Enzyme Electrode with Immobilized Glucose Oxidase for Electrochemical Determination of Glucose
Knežević Jugović, Zorica
Stevanović, Jasmina S.
Gvozdenović, Milica M.
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Polypyrrole enzyme electrode was formed by immobilization of glucose oxidase via glutaraldehyde into electrochemically synthesized polypyrrole on glassy carbon electrode. Electrochemical synthesis was performed in 0.5 mol dm(-3) HCl and 0.2 mol dm(-3) pyrrole at constant current density of 2 mA cm(-2). Chronopotentiometric curves of polypyrrole enzyme electrode were recorded at current density of 42 nA cm(-2) for different glucose concentrations. The determined value of the apparent Michaelis-Menten constant was 0.045 mmol dm(-3) which is significantly lower than that of free enzyme indicating enhanced enzyme efficiency when it is immobilized into electroconducting polymer matrix.