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Babić, Biljana M.

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  • Babić, Biljana M. (13)

Author's Bibliography

Modification of mechanical and thermal properties of fly ash-based geopolymer by the incorporation of steel slag

Nikolić, Irena; Marković, Smilja; Janković Častvan, Ivona; Radmilović, Vuk V.; Karanović, Ljiljana; Babić, Biljana M.; Radmilović, Velimir R.

(Elsevier, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Irena
AU  - Marković, Smilja
AU  - Janković Častvan, Ivona
AU  - Radmilović, Vuk V.
AU  - Karanović, Ljiljana
AU  - Babić, Biljana M.
AU  - Radmilović, Velimir R.
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/4639
AB  - Geopolymeric binders (GB) were produced using fly ash (FA) and electric arc furnace slag (EAFS). The slag has been added in the range of 0–40%. The effects of slag content on the strength, microstructure and thermal resistance were evaluated. It was found that the amount of EAFS up to 30% positively affects the strength evolution of GB. The main reaction product of FA/EAFS blends was amorphous N–(C)–A–S–H gel along with geopolymer-type gel (N–A–S–H). Thermal resistance of GB was considered from the standpoint of their mechanical and dimensional stability after heating in the temperature interval of 600–800 °C. The changes in mechanical and thermal properties of GB after heating are attributed to the changes in their structure. The results have shown that EAFS negatively affects the thermal resistance of GB above 600 °C due to the phase transition and morphological transformation of the amorphous gel phase.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Materials Letters
T1  - Modification of mechanical and thermal properties of fly ash-based geopolymer by the incorporation of steel slag
SP  - 301
EP  - 305
VL  - 176
DO  - 10.1016/j.matlet.2016.04.121
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Irena and Marković, Smilja and Janković Častvan, Ivona and Radmilović, Vuk V. and Karanović, Ljiljana and Babić, Biljana M. and Radmilović, Velimir R.",
year = "2016",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/4639",
abstract = "Geopolymeric binders (GB) were produced using fly ash (FA) and electric arc furnace slag (EAFS). The slag has been added in the range of 0–40%. The effects of slag content on the strength, microstructure and thermal resistance were evaluated. It was found that the amount of EAFS up to 30% positively affects the strength evolution of GB. The main reaction product of FA/EAFS blends was amorphous N–(C)–A–S–H gel along with geopolymer-type gel (N–A–S–H). Thermal resistance of GB was considered from the standpoint of their mechanical and dimensional stability after heating in the temperature interval of 600–800 °C. The changes in mechanical and thermal properties of GB after heating are attributed to the changes in their structure. The results have shown that EAFS negatively affects the thermal resistance of GB above 600 °C due to the phase transition and morphological transformation of the amorphous gel phase.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Materials Letters",
title = "Modification of mechanical and thermal properties of fly ash-based geopolymer by the incorporation of steel slag",
pages = "301-305",
volume = "176",
doi = "10.1016/j.matlet.2016.04.121"
}
Nikolić, I., Marković, S., Janković Častvan, I., Radmilović, V. V., Karanović, L., Babić, B. M.,& Radmilović, V. R. (2016). Modification of mechanical and thermal properties of fly ash-based geopolymer by the incorporation of steel slag.
Materials LettersElsevier., 176, 301-305. 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2016.04.121
Nikolić I, Marković S, Janković Častvan I, Radmilović VV, Karanović L, Babić BM, Radmilović VR. Modification of mechanical and thermal properties of fly ash-based geopolymer by the incorporation of steel slag. Materials Letters. 2016;176:301-305
21
17
22

Modification of mechanical and thermal properties of fly ash-based geopolymer by the incorporation of steel slag

Nikolić, Irena; Marković, Smilja; Janković Častvan, Ivona; Radmilović, Vuk V.; Karanović, Ljiljana; Babić, Biljana M.; Radmilović, Velimir R.

(Elsevier, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Nikolić, Irena
AU  - Marković, Smilja
AU  - Janković Častvan, Ivona
AU  - Radmilović, Vuk V.
AU  - Karanović, Ljiljana
AU  - Babić, Biljana M.
AU  - Radmilović, Velimir R.
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/15992
AB  - Geopolymeric binders (GB) were produced using fly ash (FA) and electric arc furnace slag (EAFS). The slag has been added in the range of 0–40%. The effects of slag content on the strength, microstructure and thermal resistance were evaluated. It was found that the amount of EAFS up to 30% positively affects the strength evolution of GB. The main reaction product of FA/EAFS blends was amorphous N–(C)–A–S–H gel along with geopolymer-type gel (N–A–S–H). Thermal resistance of GB was considered from the standpoint of their mechanical and dimensional stability after heating in the temperature interval of 600–800 °C. The changes in mechanical and thermal properties of GB after heating are attributed to the changes in their structure. The results have shown that EAFS negatively affects the thermal resistance of GB above 600 °C due to the phase transition and morphological transformation of the amorphous gel phase.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Materials Letters
T1  - Modification of mechanical and thermal properties of fly ash-based geopolymer by the incorporation of steel slag
SP  - 301
EP  - 305
VL  - 176
DO  - 10.1016/j.matlet.2016.04.121
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Nikolić, Irena and Marković, Smilja and Janković Častvan, Ivona and Radmilović, Vuk V. and Karanović, Ljiljana and Babić, Biljana M. and Radmilović, Velimir R.",
year = "2016",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/15992",
abstract = "Geopolymeric binders (GB) were produced using fly ash (FA) and electric arc furnace slag (EAFS). The slag has been added in the range of 0–40%. The effects of slag content on the strength, microstructure and thermal resistance were evaluated. It was found that the amount of EAFS up to 30% positively affects the strength evolution of GB. The main reaction product of FA/EAFS blends was amorphous N–(C)–A–S–H gel along with geopolymer-type gel (N–A–S–H). Thermal resistance of GB was considered from the standpoint of their mechanical and dimensional stability after heating in the temperature interval of 600–800 °C. The changes in mechanical and thermal properties of GB after heating are attributed to the changes in their structure. The results have shown that EAFS negatively affects the thermal resistance of GB above 600 °C due to the phase transition and morphological transformation of the amorphous gel phase.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Materials Letters",
title = "Modification of mechanical and thermal properties of fly ash-based geopolymer by the incorporation of steel slag",
pages = "301-305",
volume = "176",
doi = "10.1016/j.matlet.2016.04.121"
}
Nikolić, I., Marković, S., Janković Častvan, I., Radmilović, V. V., Karanović, L., Babić, B. M.,& Radmilović, V. R. (2016). Modification of mechanical and thermal properties of fly ash-based geopolymer by the incorporation of steel slag.
Materials LettersElsevier., 176, 301-305. 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2016.04.121
Nikolić I, Marković S, Janković Častvan I, Radmilović VV, Karanović L, Babić BM, Radmilović VR. Modification of mechanical and thermal properties of fly ash-based geopolymer by the incorporation of steel slag. Materials Letters. 2016;176:301-305
21
17
21

Pt nanoparticles on tin oxide based support as a beneficial catalyst for oxygen reduction in alkaline solutions

Elezović, Nevenka; Radmilović, Velimir R.; Kovač, Janez; Babić, Biljana M.; Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana; Krstajić, Nedeljko

(2015)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Elezović, Nevenka
AU  - Radmilović, Velimir R.
AU  - Kovač, Janez
AU  - Babić, Biljana M.
AU  - Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana
AU  - Krstajić, Nedeljko
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/3354
AB  - A platinum nanocatalyst on Sb doped tin oxide support (Sb-SnO2) was synthesized and characterized as a catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in 0.1 mol dm(-3) NaOH solution at 25 degrees C. Sb (5%) doped tin oxide support was synthesized by a modified hydrazine reduction procedure. The platinum nanocatalyst (20% Pt) on Sb-SnO2 support was synthesized by a borohydride reduction method. The synthesized support and catalyst were characterized by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray diffraction technique (XRD). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was applied to characterize the chemical status of elements before and after Pt-treatment. XPS spectra of Sn 3d, Pt 4f, Sb 3d and O 1s revealed that the Pt-deposition on Sb-SnO2 support induced the reduction of the Sn(4+) oxidation state to Sn(2+) and Sn(0) states, while Pt remained in the metallic state and Sb was in the (3+) oxidation state. Homogenous Pt nanoparticle distribution over the support, without pronounced particle agglomeration, was confirmed by HRTEM technique. The average Pt particle size was 2.9 nm. The electrochemically active Pt surface area of the catalyst was determined by the integration of the cyclic voltammetry curve in the potential region of underpotential deposition of hydrogen, after double layer charge correction, taking into account the reference value of 210 mu C cm(-2) for full monolayer coverage. This calculation gave the value of 51 m(2) g(-1). The kinetics of the oxygen reduction reaction with Pt/[Sb-SnO2 catalyst was studied by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry using a rotating gold disc electrode. Two different Tafel slopes were observed: one close to 60 mV dec(-1) in the low current density region, and another at similar to 120 mV dec(-1) in the higher current densities region, as was already referred in previous reports for the oxygen reduction reaction with polycrystalline Pt, as well as with different Pt based nanocatalysts. The specific activities for oxygen reduction, expressed in terms of kinetic current densities per electrochemically Pt active surface area, as well as per mass of Pt loaded, at the constant potential of practical interest (0.85 V and 0.90 V vs. RHE), were compared to a carbon supported (Vulcan XC-72) catalyst. The Pt/[Sb-SnO2 catalyst exhibited similar catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction like carbon supported one. The advantages of the carbon free support application in terms of the durability and stability of the catalysts were proved by accelerated stability tests.
T2  - RSC Advances
T1  - Pt nanoparticles on tin oxide based support as a beneficial catalyst for oxygen reduction in alkaline solutions
SP  - 15923
EP  - 15929
VL  - 5
IS  - 21
DO  - 10.1039/c4ra13391a
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Elezović, Nevenka and Radmilović, Velimir R. and Kovač, Janez and Babić, Biljana M. and Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana and Krstajić, Nedeljko",
year = "2015",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/3354",
abstract = "A platinum nanocatalyst on Sb doped tin oxide support (Sb-SnO2) was synthesized and characterized as a catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in 0.1 mol dm(-3) NaOH solution at 25 degrees C. Sb (5%) doped tin oxide support was synthesized by a modified hydrazine reduction procedure. The platinum nanocatalyst (20% Pt) on Sb-SnO2 support was synthesized by a borohydride reduction method. The synthesized support and catalyst were characterized by high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray diffraction technique (XRD). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was applied to characterize the chemical status of elements before and after Pt-treatment. XPS spectra of Sn 3d, Pt 4f, Sb 3d and O 1s revealed that the Pt-deposition on Sb-SnO2 support induced the reduction of the Sn(4+) oxidation state to Sn(2+) and Sn(0) states, while Pt remained in the metallic state and Sb was in the (3+) oxidation state. Homogenous Pt nanoparticle distribution over the support, without pronounced particle agglomeration, was confirmed by HRTEM technique. The average Pt particle size was 2.9 nm. The electrochemically active Pt surface area of the catalyst was determined by the integration of the cyclic voltammetry curve in the potential region of underpotential deposition of hydrogen, after double layer charge correction, taking into account the reference value of 210 mu C cm(-2) for full monolayer coverage. This calculation gave the value of 51 m(2) g(-1). The kinetics of the oxygen reduction reaction with Pt/[Sb-SnO2 catalyst was studied by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry using a rotating gold disc electrode. Two different Tafel slopes were observed: one close to 60 mV dec(-1) in the low current density region, and another at similar to 120 mV dec(-1) in the higher current densities region, as was already referred in previous reports for the oxygen reduction reaction with polycrystalline Pt, as well as with different Pt based nanocatalysts. The specific activities for oxygen reduction, expressed in terms of kinetic current densities per electrochemically Pt active surface area, as well as per mass of Pt loaded, at the constant potential of practical interest (0.85 V and 0.90 V vs. RHE), were compared to a carbon supported (Vulcan XC-72) catalyst. The Pt/[Sb-SnO2 catalyst exhibited similar catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction like carbon supported one. The advantages of the carbon free support application in terms of the durability and stability of the catalysts were proved by accelerated stability tests.",
journal = "RSC Advances",
title = "Pt nanoparticles on tin oxide based support as a beneficial catalyst for oxygen reduction in alkaline solutions",
pages = "15923-15929",
volume = "5",
number = "21",
doi = "10.1039/c4ra13391a"
}
Elezović, N., Radmilović, V. R., Kovač, J., Babić, B. M., Gajić Krstajić, L.,& Krstajić, N. (2015). Pt nanoparticles on tin oxide based support as a beneficial catalyst for oxygen reduction in alkaline solutions.
RSC Advances, 5(21), 15923-15929. 
https://doi.org/10.1039/c4ra13391a
Elezović N, Radmilović VR, Kovač J, Babić BM, Gajić Krstajić L, Krstajić N. Pt nanoparticles on tin oxide based support as a beneficial catalyst for oxygen reduction in alkaline solutions. RSC Advances. 2015;5(21):15923-15929
1
18
21
21

Platinum Nanocatalysts at Titanium Oxide Based Supports for Low Temperature Fuel Cell Applications

Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana; Elezović, Nevenka; Babić, Biljana M.; Radmilović, Velimir R.; Krstajić, Nedeljko

(Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia, 2015)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana
AU  - Elezović, Nevenka
AU  - Babić, Biljana M.
AU  - Radmilović, Velimir R.
AU  - Krstajić, Nedeljko
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/825
AB  - A comparative study on catalytic activity of platinum nanoparticles on different titanium oxide supports for proton exchange membrane fuel cells reactions was performed. Non stoichiometric titanium oxides – Ebonex, niobium doped titanium oxide and ruthenium doped titanium oxide were applied as the supporting materials. 
Platinum nanocatalysts (20% Pt) on different support were synthesized by impregnation or borohydride reduction method. Synthesized supports and catalyst were characterized by BET (Brunauer, Emmett, Teller), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Homogenous Pt nanoparticles distribution over the niobium and ruthenium doped TiO2 support, without pronounced particle agglomeration was confirmed by HRTEM technique. The average Pt particle size was 3 nm and 5.4 nm for Pt at niobium doped TiO2 and ruthenium doped TiO2, respectively. However, it was not possible to determine accurately average Pt particle size at Ebonex support, due to the non-uniform distribution of the Pt nanoparticles. Electrochemically active Pt surface area of the catalysts was determined by integration of the cyclic voltammetry curve in the potential region of underpotential deposition of hydrogen, after double layer charge correction, taking into account the reference value of 210 μC cm-2 for full monolayer coverage.
Kinetics of the oxygen reduction reaction at Pt nanocatalysts on different titanium based supports was studied by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry at rotating gold disc electrode. Two different Tafel slopes at Pt catalysts on niobium and ruthenium doped supports were observed: one close to 60 mV dec-1 in low current density region, and other ~120 mV dec-1 in higher current densities region. Only at Ebonex based support one single Tafel slope (~ 106 mV dec-1) was observed. The specific activities for oxygen reduction, expressed in terms of kinetic current densities per electrochemically Pt active surface area, as well as per mass of Pt loaded, at the constant potential of practical interest (0.85 V and 0.90 V vs RHE, where the mass transport contribution current can be neglected), were compared to carbon supported one, with the same Pt loading. Stability tests, by repetitive cycling from 0.03V to high anodic potentials (up to 1.4 V vs RHE) were performed. The advantages of carbon free supports application in terms of stability, durability and life time of the catalysts were discussed.
PB  - Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia
C3  - Programme and The Book of Abstracts / Seventeenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 205, Herceg Novi, August 31– September 4, 2015
T1  - Platinum Nanocatalysts at Titanium Oxide Based Supports for Low Temperature Fuel Cell Applications
SP  - 77
EP  - 77
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana and Elezović, Nevenka and Babić, Biljana M. and Radmilović, Velimir R. and Krstajić, Nedeljko",
year = "2015",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/825",
abstract = "A comparative study on catalytic activity of platinum nanoparticles on different titanium oxide supports for proton exchange membrane fuel cells reactions was performed. Non stoichiometric titanium oxides – Ebonex, niobium doped titanium oxide and ruthenium doped titanium oxide were applied as the supporting materials. 
Platinum nanocatalysts (20% Pt) on different support were synthesized by impregnation or borohydride reduction method. Synthesized supports and catalyst were characterized by BET (Brunauer, Emmett, Teller), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Homogenous Pt nanoparticles distribution over the niobium and ruthenium doped TiO2 support, without pronounced particle agglomeration was confirmed by HRTEM technique. The average Pt particle size was 3 nm and 5.4 nm for Pt at niobium doped TiO2 and ruthenium doped TiO2, respectively. However, it was not possible to determine accurately average Pt particle size at Ebonex support, due to the non-uniform distribution of the Pt nanoparticles. Electrochemically active Pt surface area of the catalysts was determined by integration of the cyclic voltammetry curve in the potential region of underpotential deposition of hydrogen, after double layer charge correction, taking into account the reference value of 210 μC cm-2 for full monolayer coverage.
Kinetics of the oxygen reduction reaction at Pt nanocatalysts on different titanium based supports was studied by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry at rotating gold disc electrode. Two different Tafel slopes at Pt catalysts on niobium and ruthenium doped supports were observed: one close to 60 mV dec-1 in low current density region, and other ~120 mV dec-1 in higher current densities region. Only at Ebonex based support one single Tafel slope (~ 106 mV dec-1) was observed. The specific activities for oxygen reduction, expressed in terms of kinetic current densities per electrochemically Pt active surface area, as well as per mass of Pt loaded, at the constant potential of practical interest (0.85 V and 0.90 V vs RHE, where the mass transport contribution current can be neglected), were compared to carbon supported one, with the same Pt loading. Stability tests, by repetitive cycling from 0.03V to high anodic potentials (up to 1.4 V vs RHE) were performed. The advantages of carbon free supports application in terms of stability, durability and life time of the catalysts were discussed.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia",
journal = "Programme and The Book of Abstracts / Seventeenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 205, Herceg Novi, August 31– September 4, 2015",
title = "Platinum Nanocatalysts at Titanium Oxide Based Supports for Low Temperature Fuel Cell Applications",
pages = "77-77"
}
Gajić Krstajić, L., Elezović, N., Babić, B. M., Radmilović, V. R.,& Krstajić, N. (2015). Platinum Nanocatalysts at Titanium Oxide Based Supports for Low Temperature Fuel Cell Applications.
Programme and The Book of Abstracts / Seventeenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 205, Herceg Novi, August 31– September 4, 2015Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia., null, 77-77. 
Gajić Krstajić L, Elezović N, Babić BM, Radmilović VR, Krstajić N. Platinum Nanocatalysts at Titanium Oxide Based Supports for Low Temperature Fuel Cell Applications. Programme and The Book of Abstracts / Seventeenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 205, Herceg Novi, August 31– September 4, 2015. 2015;:77-77

Electrochemical oxygen reduction at platinum catalyst on tin oxide based support in alkaline solution

Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana; Elezović, Nevenka; Babić, Biljana M.; Kovač, Janez; Radmilović, Velimir R.; Krstajić, Nedeljko

(Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia, 2014)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana
AU  - Elezović, Nevenka
AU  - Babić, Biljana M.
AU  - Kovač, Janez
AU  - Radmilović, Velimir R.
AU  - Krstajić, Nedeljko
PY  - 2014
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/560
AB  - Platinum on Sb doped tin oxide support (Sb/SnO2) was synthesized and characterized as the catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in 0.1 mol dm-3NaOH solution, at 25oC. Sb (5%) doped tin oxide support was synthesized by sol-gel procedure. Platinum nanocatalyst (20% Pt) on Sb-SnO2 support was synthesized by borohydride reduction method. Synthesized support and catalyst were characterized by BET (Brunauer, Emmett, Teller), X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). XRD diffraction spectra of the support contained only SnO2 belonging peaks. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was applied to characterize chemical status of elements before and after Pt-treatment. XPS spectra Sn 3d, Pt 4f, Sb 3d and O 1s revealed that the Pt-deposition on Sb+SnO2 support induced reduction of Sn(4+) oxidation state to Sn(2+) and Sn(0) states, while Pt remained in metallic state and Sb was in (3+) oxidation state. Homogenous Pt nanoparticles distribution over the support, without pronounced particle agglomeration was confirmed by HRTEM technique. The average Pt particle size was 2.9 nm. Electrochemically active Pt surface area of the catalyst was determined by integration of the cyclic voltammetry curve in the potential region of underpotential deposition of hydrogen, after double layer charge correction, taking into account the reference value of 210 μC cm-2 for full monolayer coverage. This calculation gave the value of 51 m2 g-1. Kinetics of the oxygen reduction reaction at Pt/Sb-SnO2 catalyst was studied by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry at rotating gold disc electrode. Two different Tafel slope were observed: one close to 60 mV dec-1 in low current density region, and other ~120 mV dec-1 in higher current densities region, as it was already referred in literature for oxygen reduction reaction at polycrystalline Pt, as well as at different Pt based nanocatalysts. The specific activities for oxygen reduction, expressed in terms of kinetic current densities per electrochemically Pt active surface area, as well as per mass of Pt loaded, at the constant potential of practical interest (0.85 V and 0.90 V vs RHE), were compared to carbon supported (Vulcan XC-72) catalyst. Pt/Sb-SnO2 catalyst exhibited similar catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction like carbon supported one. The advantages of carbon free support application in terms of durability and stability of the catalysts were discussed.
PB  - Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia
C3  - The Sixteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2014: Programme and the Book of Abstracts
T1  - Electrochemical oxygen reduction at platinum catalyst on tin oxide based support in alkaline solution
SP  - 90
EP  - 90
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana and Elezović, Nevenka and Babić, Biljana M. and Kovač, Janez and Radmilović, Velimir R. and Krstajić, Nedeljko",
year = "2014",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/560",
abstract = "Platinum on Sb doped tin oxide support (Sb/SnO2) was synthesized and characterized as the catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in 0.1 mol dm-3NaOH solution, at 25oC. Sb (5%) doped tin oxide support was synthesized by sol-gel procedure. Platinum nanocatalyst (20% Pt) on Sb-SnO2 support was synthesized by borohydride reduction method. Synthesized support and catalyst were characterized by BET (Brunauer, Emmett, Teller), X-ray diffraction (XRD), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). XRD diffraction spectra of the support contained only SnO2 belonging peaks. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was applied to characterize chemical status of elements before and after Pt-treatment. XPS spectra Sn 3d, Pt 4f, Sb 3d and O 1s revealed that the Pt-deposition on Sb+SnO2 support induced reduction of Sn(4+) oxidation state to Sn(2+) and Sn(0) states, while Pt remained in metallic state and Sb was in (3+) oxidation state. Homogenous Pt nanoparticles distribution over the support, without pronounced particle agglomeration was confirmed by HRTEM technique. The average Pt particle size was 2.9 nm. Electrochemically active Pt surface area of the catalyst was determined by integration of the cyclic voltammetry curve in the potential region of underpotential deposition of hydrogen, after double layer charge correction, taking into account the reference value of 210 μC cm-2 for full monolayer coverage. This calculation gave the value of 51 m2 g-1. Kinetics of the oxygen reduction reaction at Pt/Sb-SnO2 catalyst was studied by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry at rotating gold disc electrode. Two different Tafel slope were observed: one close to 60 mV dec-1 in low current density region, and other ~120 mV dec-1 in higher current densities region, as it was already referred in literature for oxygen reduction reaction at polycrystalline Pt, as well as at different Pt based nanocatalysts. The specific activities for oxygen reduction, expressed in terms of kinetic current densities per electrochemically Pt active surface area, as well as per mass of Pt loaded, at the constant potential of practical interest (0.85 V and 0.90 V vs RHE), were compared to carbon supported (Vulcan XC-72) catalyst. Pt/Sb-SnO2 catalyst exhibited similar catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction like carbon supported one. The advantages of carbon free support application in terms of durability and stability of the catalysts were discussed.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia",
journal = "The Sixteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2014: Programme and the Book of Abstracts",
title = "Electrochemical oxygen reduction at platinum catalyst on tin oxide based support in alkaline solution",
pages = "90-90"
}
Gajić Krstajić, L., Elezović, N., Babić, B. M., Kovač, J., Radmilović, V. R.,& Krstajić, N. (2014). Electrochemical oxygen reduction at platinum catalyst on tin oxide based support in alkaline solution.
The Sixteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2014: Programme and the Book of AbstractsBelgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia., null, 90-90. 
Gajić Krstajić L, Elezović N, Babić BM, Kovač J, Radmilović VR, Krstajić N. Electrochemical oxygen reduction at platinum catalyst on tin oxide based support in alkaline solution. The Sixteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2014: Programme and the Book of Abstracts. 2014;:90-90

Preparation and characterization Pt CATALYST on Ru doped tin oxide support for oxygen reduction

Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana; Elezović, Nevenka; Babić, Biljana M.; Radmilović, Velimir R.; Krstajić, Nedeljko

(Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia, 2013)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana
AU  - Elezović, Nevenka
AU  - Babić, Biljana M.
AU  - Radmilović, Velimir R.
AU  - Krstajić, Nedeljko
PY  - 2013
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/392
AB  - Platinum nanocatalyst on Ru doped tin oxide support (Ru-SnO2) was synthesized and characterized as a catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in 0.5 mol dm-3 HClO4 solution, at 25°C. Ru doped tin oxide support was synthesized by sol-gel procedure. Synthesized support was characterized by BET (Brunauer, Emmett, Teller), X-ray diffraction, HRTEM (high resolution transmission electron microscopy) and cyclic voltammetry techniques. Specific surface area of the support determined from nitrogen adsorption/desorption isothermal curves was 141 m2 g-1. XRD spectra contained mainly SnO2 belonging peaks. The corresponding crystallite size for Ru-SnO2, determined by Scherrer's equation was 4nm. Platinum nanocatalyst at Ru-SnO2 support was synthesized by borohydride reduction method and characterized by X-ray and TEM techniques. Homogenous Pt nanoparticles distribution over the support, without pronounced particle agglomeration was confirmed. The average Pt particle size was 5.3 nm. Electrochemically active surface area of the catalyst was determined from adsorption/desorption charge of hydrogen atoms, after double layer charge correction, taking into account the reference value of 210 μC cm-2 for full monolayer coverage with adsorbed hydrogen species. The oxygen reduction reaction at Pt/Ru-SnO2 catalyst was studied by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry at rotating disc electrode. Two different Tafel slope were observed: one close to 60 mV dec-1 in low current density region, and other close to 120 mV dec-1 at high current densities region, as it was already reported in literature for oxygen reduction at pure polycrystalline Pt, as well as at Pt nanoparticles in acid solutions. The specific activities, expressed in terms of kinetic current densities per electrochemically active surface area, as well as per mass of Pt loaded, at the constant potential of practical interest, were compared to carbon supported (Vulcan XC-72) catalyst. Pt/Ru-SnO2 catalyst exhibited similar catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction like carbon supported one. The durability of the catalysts was evaluated by repetitive cycling up to 1.4 V vs RHE. Better stability of Pt/Ru-SnO2 catalyst compared to Pt on carbon support was confirmed by determination of the loss of platinum electrochemically active surface area after potential cycling tests.
PB  - Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia
C3  - The Fifteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2013: Programme and the Book of Abstracts
T1  - Preparation and characterization Pt CATALYST on Ru doped tin oxide support for oxygen reduction
SP  - 72
EP  - 72
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana and Elezović, Nevenka and Babić, Biljana M. and Radmilović, Velimir R. and Krstajić, Nedeljko",
year = "2013",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/392",
abstract = "Platinum nanocatalyst on Ru doped tin oxide support (Ru-SnO2) was synthesized and characterized as a catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in 0.5 mol dm-3 HClO4 solution, at 25°C. Ru doped tin oxide support was synthesized by sol-gel procedure. Synthesized support was characterized by BET (Brunauer, Emmett, Teller), X-ray diffraction, HRTEM (high resolution transmission electron microscopy) and cyclic voltammetry techniques. Specific surface area of the support determined from nitrogen adsorption/desorption isothermal curves was 141 m2 g-1. XRD spectra contained mainly SnO2 belonging peaks. The corresponding crystallite size for Ru-SnO2, determined by Scherrer's equation was 4nm. Platinum nanocatalyst at Ru-SnO2 support was synthesized by borohydride reduction method and characterized by X-ray and TEM techniques. Homogenous Pt nanoparticles distribution over the support, without pronounced particle agglomeration was confirmed. The average Pt particle size was 5.3 nm. Electrochemically active surface area of the catalyst was determined from adsorption/desorption charge of hydrogen atoms, after double layer charge correction, taking into account the reference value of 210 μC cm-2 for full monolayer coverage with adsorbed hydrogen species. The oxygen reduction reaction at Pt/Ru-SnO2 catalyst was studied by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry at rotating disc electrode. Two different Tafel slope were observed: one close to 60 mV dec-1 in low current density region, and other close to 120 mV dec-1 at high current densities region, as it was already reported in literature for oxygen reduction at pure polycrystalline Pt, as well as at Pt nanoparticles in acid solutions. The specific activities, expressed in terms of kinetic current densities per electrochemically active surface area, as well as per mass of Pt loaded, at the constant potential of practical interest, were compared to carbon supported (Vulcan XC-72) catalyst. Pt/Ru-SnO2 catalyst exhibited similar catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction like carbon supported one. The durability of the catalysts was evaluated by repetitive cycling up to 1.4 V vs RHE. Better stability of Pt/Ru-SnO2 catalyst compared to Pt on carbon support was confirmed by determination of the loss of platinum electrochemically active surface area after potential cycling tests.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia",
journal = "The Fifteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2013: Programme and the Book of Abstracts",
title = "Preparation and characterization Pt CATALYST on Ru doped tin oxide support for oxygen reduction",
pages = "72-72"
}
Gajić Krstajić, L., Elezović, N., Babić, B. M., Radmilović, V. R.,& Krstajić, N. (2013). Preparation and characterization Pt CATALYST on Ru doped tin oxide support for oxygen reduction.
The Fifteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2013: Programme and the Book of AbstractsBelgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia., null, 72-72. 
Gajić Krstajić L, Elezović N, Babić BM, Radmilović VR, Krstajić N. Preparation and characterization Pt CATALYST on Ru doped tin oxide support for oxygen reduction. The Fifteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2013: Programme and the Book of Abstracts. 2013;:72-72

Pt supported on nano-tungsten carbide as a beneficial catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline solution

Elezović, Nevenka; Babić, Biljana M.; Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana; Ercius, Peter; Radmilović, Velimir R.; Krstajić, Nedeljko; Vračar, Ljiljana

(Elsevier, 2012)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Elezović, Nevenka
AU  - Babić, Biljana M.
AU  - Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana
AU  - Ercius, Peter
AU  - Radmilović, Velimir R.
AU  - Krstajić, Nedeljko
AU  - Vračar, Ljiljana
PY  - 2012
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/465
AB  - Platinum nanocatalyst at nano-tungsten carbide was synthesized, characterized and tested for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in 0.1 mol dm−3 NaOH, at 25 °C. Tungsten-carbide islands on nano-tungsten particles (WC) was synthesized from gel prepared by using nanoparticles of WO3, previously produced from W-powder oxidized in H2O2. The support was porous material with high specific surface area (177 m2 g−1).

The WC supported Pt (10 wt.%) catalyst was prepared by borohydride reduction method.

X-ray diffraction of the catalyst demonstrates successful reduction of Pt precursor to metallic form. STEM analysis of Pt/WC catalyst showed the existence of Pt particles lower than 2 nm in size, even the clusters of Pt atoms.

Electrochemically active surface area of Pt was determined from adsorption/desorption charge of hydrogen atoms.

Catalytic activity of the synthesized catalyst for ORR was studied by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry at rotating disk electrode. The onset potential on Pt/WC for ORR, comparing with Pt/Vulcan, was shifted to the positive potentials for about 150 mV. Pt/WC catalyst shows one Tafel slope of −0.105 V dec−1, remarkable catalytic activity expressed either through the value of the current density per real surface area, or through the mass activity and excellent stability.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Electrochimica Acta
T1  - Pt supported on nano-tungsten carbide as a beneficial catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline solution
SP  - 239
EP  - 246
DO  - 10.1016/j.electacta.2012.02.105
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Elezović, Nevenka and Babić, Biljana M. and Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana and Ercius, Peter and Radmilović, Velimir R. and Krstajić, Nedeljko and Vračar, Ljiljana",
year = "2012",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/465",
abstract = "Platinum nanocatalyst at nano-tungsten carbide was synthesized, characterized and tested for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in 0.1 mol dm−3 NaOH, at 25 °C. Tungsten-carbide islands on nano-tungsten particles (WC) was synthesized from gel prepared by using nanoparticles of WO3, previously produced from W-powder oxidized in H2O2. The support was porous material with high specific surface area (177 m2 g−1).

The WC supported Pt (10 wt.%) catalyst was prepared by borohydride reduction method.

X-ray diffraction of the catalyst demonstrates successful reduction of Pt precursor to metallic form. STEM analysis of Pt/WC catalyst showed the existence of Pt particles lower than 2 nm in size, even the clusters of Pt atoms.

Electrochemically active surface area of Pt was determined from adsorption/desorption charge of hydrogen atoms.

Catalytic activity of the synthesized catalyst for ORR was studied by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry at rotating disk electrode. The onset potential on Pt/WC for ORR, comparing with Pt/Vulcan, was shifted to the positive potentials for about 150 mV. Pt/WC catalyst shows one Tafel slope of −0.105 V dec−1, remarkable catalytic activity expressed either through the value of the current density per real surface area, or through the mass activity and excellent stability.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Electrochimica Acta",
title = "Pt supported on nano-tungsten carbide as a beneficial catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline solution",
pages = "239-246",
doi = "10.1016/j.electacta.2012.02.105"
}
Elezović, N., Babić, B. M., Gajić Krstajić, L., Ercius, P., Radmilović, V. R., Krstajić, N.,& Vračar, L. (2012). Pt supported on nano-tungsten carbide as a beneficial catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline solution.
Electrochimica ActaElsevier., null, 239-246. 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2012.02.105
Elezović N, Babić BM, Gajić Krstajić L, Ercius P, Radmilović VR, Krstajić N, Vračar L. Pt supported on nano-tungsten carbide as a beneficial catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction in alkaline solution. Electrochimica Acta. 2012;:239-246
46
45
47

Synthesis and characterization of Pt nanocatalyst on tin oxide based support for oxygen reduction

Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana; Elezović, Nevenka; Babić, Biljana M.; Radmilović, Velimir R.; Krstajić, Nedeljko; Vračar, Ljiljana

(Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia, 2012)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana
AU  - Elezović, Nevenka
AU  - Babić, Biljana M.
AU  - Radmilović, Velimir R.
AU  - Krstajić, Nedeljko
AU  - Vračar, Ljiljana
PY  - 2012
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/436
AB  - Platinum nanocatalyst on Sb doped tin oxide support has been synthesized and characterized as a catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in 0.5 mol dm-3 HClO4 solution, at 25°C. Sb doped tin oxide support has been synthesized by sol-gel procedure. Synthesized support was characterized by BET (Brunauer, Emmett, Teller), X-ray diffraction and cyclic voltammetry techniques. Specific surface area of the support determined from nitrogen adsorption/desorption isothermal curves was 42 m2 g-1. Platinum nanocatalyst at modified tin oxide support has been synthesized by borohydride reduction method and characterized by XRD and TEM techniques. Quite homogenous Pt nanoparticles distribution over the support, without pronounced particle agglomeration was observed. Electrochemically active surface area of the catalyst was determined from adsorption/desorption charge of hydrogen atoms, after double layer charge substraction, taking into account the reference value of 210 μC cm-2 for full coverage with adsorbed hydrogen species. The oxygen reduction reaction at Pt/SbSnO2 catalyst has been studied by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry at rotating disc electrode. Two different Tafel slope were observed: one close to 60 mV dec-1 in low current density region, and other close to 120 mV dec-1 at high current densities region, as it was already reported in literature for oxygen reduction at pure polycrystalline Pt, as well as at Pt nanoparticles in acid solutions. The specific activities, expressed in terms of kinetic current densities per electrochemically active surface area at the constant potential, of this new catalyst and Vulcan supported Pt were compared. Pt/SbSnO2 catalyst exhibited similar catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction compared to carbon supported one. Better durability of Pt/SbSnO2 catalyst under repetitive cycling up to 1.4 V vs RHE was confirmed, comparing with Pt on carbon support.
PB  - Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia
C3  - The Fourteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2012: Programme and the Book of Abstracts
T1  - Synthesis and characterization of Pt nanocatalyst on tin oxide based support for oxygen reduction
SP  - 56
EP  - 56
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana and Elezović, Nevenka and Babić, Biljana M. and Radmilović, Velimir R. and Krstajić, Nedeljko and Vračar, Ljiljana",
year = "2012",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/436",
abstract = "Platinum nanocatalyst on Sb doped tin oxide support has been synthesized and characterized as a catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in 0.5 mol dm-3 HClO4 solution, at 25°C. Sb doped tin oxide support has been synthesized by sol-gel procedure. Synthesized support was characterized by BET (Brunauer, Emmett, Teller), X-ray diffraction and cyclic voltammetry techniques. Specific surface area of the support determined from nitrogen adsorption/desorption isothermal curves was 42 m2 g-1. Platinum nanocatalyst at modified tin oxide support has been synthesized by borohydride reduction method and characterized by XRD and TEM techniques. Quite homogenous Pt nanoparticles distribution over the support, without pronounced particle agglomeration was observed. Electrochemically active surface area of the catalyst was determined from adsorption/desorption charge of hydrogen atoms, after double layer charge substraction, taking into account the reference value of 210 μC cm-2 for full coverage with adsorbed hydrogen species. The oxygen reduction reaction at Pt/SbSnO2 catalyst has been studied by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry at rotating disc electrode. Two different Tafel slope were observed: one close to 60 mV dec-1 in low current density region, and other close to 120 mV dec-1 at high current densities region, as it was already reported in literature for oxygen reduction at pure polycrystalline Pt, as well as at Pt nanoparticles in acid solutions. The specific activities, expressed in terms of kinetic current densities per electrochemically active surface area at the constant potential, of this new catalyst and Vulcan supported Pt were compared. Pt/SbSnO2 catalyst exhibited similar catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction compared to carbon supported one. Better durability of Pt/SbSnO2 catalyst under repetitive cycling up to 1.4 V vs RHE was confirmed, comparing with Pt on carbon support.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia",
journal = "The Fourteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2012: Programme and the Book of Abstracts",
title = "Synthesis and characterization of Pt nanocatalyst on tin oxide based support for oxygen reduction",
pages = "56-56"
}
Gajić Krstajić, L., Elezović, N., Babić, B. M., Radmilović, V. R., Krstajić, N.,& Vračar, L. (2012). Synthesis and characterization of Pt nanocatalyst on tin oxide based support for oxygen reduction.
The Fourteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2012: Programme and the Book of AbstractsBelgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia., null, 56-56. 
Gajić Krstajić L, Elezović N, Babić BM, Radmilović VR, Krstajić N, Vračar L. Synthesis and characterization of Pt nanocatalyst on tin oxide based support for oxygen reduction. The Fourteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2012: Programme and the Book of Abstracts. 2012;:56-56

Preparation and Characterization of Pt Nanocatalyst on Tungsten Based Support for Alkaline Fuel Cells Applications

Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana; Elezović, Nevenka; Babić, Biljana M.; Ercius, Peter; Radmilović, Velimir R.; Krstajić, Nedeljko; Vračar, Ljiljana

(2011)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana
AU  - Elezović, Nevenka
AU  - Babić, Biljana M.
AU  - Ercius, Peter
AU  - Radmilović, Velimir R.
AU  - Krstajić, Nedeljko
AU  - Vračar, Ljiljana
PY  - 2011
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/155
AB  - Poster presented at the 13th Annual Conference of the Materials Research Society of Serbia - YUCOMAT 2011, Herceg Novi, Montenegro, September 5–9, 2011
T1  - Preparation and Characterization of Pt Nanocatalyst on Tungsten Based Support for Alkaline Fuel Cells Applications
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana and Elezović, Nevenka and Babić, Biljana M. and Ercius, Peter and Radmilović, Velimir R. and Krstajić, Nedeljko and Vračar, Ljiljana",
year = "2011",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/155",
abstract = "Poster presented at the 13th Annual Conference of the Materials Research Society of Serbia - YUCOMAT 2011, Herceg Novi, Montenegro, September 5–9, 2011",
title = "Preparation and Characterization of Pt Nanocatalyst on Tungsten Based Support for Alkaline Fuel Cells Applications"
}
Gajić Krstajić, L., Elezović, N., Babić, B. M., Ercius, P., Radmilović, V. R., Krstajić, N.,& Vračar, L. (2011). Preparation and Characterization of Pt Nanocatalyst on Tungsten Based Support for Alkaline Fuel Cells Applications.
null, null. 
Gajić Krstajić L, Elezović N, Babić BM, Ercius P, Radmilović VR, Krstajić N, Vračar L. Preparation and Characterization of Pt Nanocatalyst on Tungsten Based Support for Alkaline Fuel Cells Applications. 2011;

Preparation and characterization of pt nanocatalyst on tungsten based support for alkaline fuel cells applications

Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana; Elezović, Nevenka; Babić, Biljana M.; Radmilović, Velimir R.; Krstajić, Nedeljko; Vračar, Ljubomir

(Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia, 2011)

TY  - CONF
AU  - Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana
AU  - Elezović, Nevenka
AU  - Babić, Biljana M.
AU  - Radmilović, Velimir R.
AU  - Krstajić, Nedeljko
AU  - Vračar, Ljubomir
PY  - 2011
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/676
AB  - Platinum nanocatalyst on tungsten based support has been synthesized and characterized as catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in 0.1 mol dm-3 NaOH solution. Tungsten based support - WxC has been synthesized by modified Ganesan et al. procedure. Synthesized support was characterized by BET, XRD and cyclic voltammetry techniques. Specific surface area of the support determined from nitrogen adsorption/desorption isothermal curves was found to be 177 m2 g-1. Platinum nanocatalyst at WxC support has been synthesized by borohydride reduction method and characterized by XRD and TEM techniques. It was found homogenous Pt nanoparticles distribution over the support, without pronounced particle agglomeration. Electrochemically active surface area of the catalyst determined from adsorption/desorption charge of hydrogen atoms, after double layer charge substraction, taking into account the reference value of 210 μC cm-2 for full coverage with adsorbed hydrogen species, was found to be 40 m2 g-1. The oxygen reduction reaction at WxC/Pt catalyst has been studied by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry at rotating disc electrode. Single Tafel slope was observed (value of -0.105 mV dec-1), close to the slope at high current densities, for oxygen reduction at pure polycrystalline Pt, as well as at Pt nanoparticles. The specific activities, expressed in terms of kinetic current densities per real surface area at the constant potential, of this new catalyst and Vulcan supported Pt were compared. WxC/Pt catalyst exhibited better catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction, as well as better durability comparing with Vulcan/Pt one.
PB  - Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia
C3  - The Thirteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2011: Programme and the Book of Abstracts
T1  - Preparation and characterization of pt nanocatalyst on tungsten based support for alkaline fuel cells applications
SP  - 92
EP  - 92
ER  - 
@conference{
author = "Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana and Elezović, Nevenka and Babić, Biljana M. and Radmilović, Velimir R. and Krstajić, Nedeljko and Vračar, Ljubomir",
year = "2011",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/676",
abstract = "Platinum nanocatalyst on tungsten based support has been synthesized and characterized as catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in 0.1 mol dm-3 NaOH solution. Tungsten based support - WxC has been synthesized by modified Ganesan et al. procedure. Synthesized support was characterized by BET, XRD and cyclic voltammetry techniques. Specific surface area of the support determined from nitrogen adsorption/desorption isothermal curves was found to be 177 m2 g-1. Platinum nanocatalyst at WxC support has been synthesized by borohydride reduction method and characterized by XRD and TEM techniques. It was found homogenous Pt nanoparticles distribution over the support, without pronounced particle agglomeration. Electrochemically active surface area of the catalyst determined from adsorption/desorption charge of hydrogen atoms, after double layer charge substraction, taking into account the reference value of 210 μC cm-2 for full coverage with adsorbed hydrogen species, was found to be 40 m2 g-1. The oxygen reduction reaction at WxC/Pt catalyst has been studied by cyclic voltammetry and linear sweep voltammetry at rotating disc electrode. Single Tafel slope was observed (value of -0.105 mV dec-1), close to the slope at high current densities, for oxygen reduction at pure polycrystalline Pt, as well as at Pt nanoparticles. The specific activities, expressed in terms of kinetic current densities per real surface area at the constant potential, of this new catalyst and Vulcan supported Pt were compared. WxC/Pt catalyst exhibited better catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction, as well as better durability comparing with Vulcan/Pt one.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia",
journal = "The Thirteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2011: Programme and the Book of Abstracts",
title = "Preparation and characterization of pt nanocatalyst on tungsten based support for alkaline fuel cells applications",
pages = "92-92"
}
Gajić Krstajić, L., Elezović, N., Babić, B. M., Radmilović, V. R., Krstajić, N.,& Vračar, L. (2011). Preparation and characterization of pt nanocatalyst on tungsten based support for alkaline fuel cells applications.
The Thirteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2011: Programme and the Book of AbstractsBelgrade : Materials Research Society of Serbia., null, 92-92. 
Gajić Krstajić L, Elezović N, Babić BM, Radmilović VR, Krstajić N, Vračar L. Preparation and characterization of pt nanocatalyst on tungsten based support for alkaline fuel cells applications. The Thirteenth Annual Conference YUCOMAT 2011: Programme and the Book of Abstracts. 2011;:92-92

A novel platinum-based nanocatalyst at a niobia-doped titania support for the hydrogen oxidation reaction

Elezović, Nevenka; Babić, Biljana M.; Radmilović, Velimir R.; Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana; Krstajić, Nedeljko; Vračar, Ljiljana

(Belgrade : Serbian Chemical Society, 2011)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Elezović, Nevenka
AU  - Babić, Biljana M.
AU  - Radmilović, Velimir R.
AU  - Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana
AU  - Krstajić, Nedeljko
AU  - Vračar, Ljiljana
PY  - 2011
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/260
AB  - The kinetics of the hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) was studied at Pt nanoparticles supported on niobia-doped titania (Pt/N-T). The catalyst support, with the composition of 0.05NbO2.5-δ-0.995TiO2 (0<δ<1), was synthesized by a modified sol-gel procedure and characterized by the BET and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The specific surface area of the support was found to be 70 m2 g-1. The XRD analysis revealed the presence of the anatase TiO2 phase in the support powder. No peaks indicating the existence of Nb-compounds were detected. Pt/N-T nanocatalyst was synthesized by the borohydride reduction method. Transmission electron microscopy revealed a quite homogenous distribution of the Pt nanoparticles over the support, with a mean particle size of about 3 nm. The electrochemical active surface area of Pt of 42±4 m2 g-1 was determined by the cyclic voltammetry technique. The kinetics of the HOR was investigated by linear sweep voltammetry at a rotating disc electrode in 0.5 mol dm-3 HClO4 solution. The determined value of the Tafel slope of 35 mV dec-1 and an exchange current density of 0.45 mA cm-2 per real surface area of the Pt are in good accordance with those already reported in the literature for the HOR at polycrystalline Pt and Pt nanocatalysts in acid solutions. This new catalyst exhibited better activity for the HOR in comparison with Pt nanocatalyst supported on Vulcan® XC-72R high area carbon.
PB  - Belgrade : Serbian Chemical Society
T2  - Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society
T1  - A novel platinum-based nanocatalyst at a niobia-doped titania support for the hydrogen oxidation reaction
SP  - 1139
EP  - 1152
VL  - 76
IS  - 8
DO  - 10.2298/JSC100823100E
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Elezović, Nevenka and Babić, Biljana M. and Radmilović, Velimir R. and Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana and Krstajić, Nedeljko and Vračar, Ljiljana",
year = "2011",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/260",
abstract = "The kinetics of the hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) was studied at Pt nanoparticles supported on niobia-doped titania (Pt/N-T). The catalyst support, with the composition of 0.05NbO2.5-δ-0.995TiO2 (0<δ<1), was synthesized by a modified sol-gel procedure and characterized by the BET and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The specific surface area of the support was found to be 70 m2 g-1. The XRD analysis revealed the presence of the anatase TiO2 phase in the support powder. No peaks indicating the existence of Nb-compounds were detected. Pt/N-T nanocatalyst was synthesized by the borohydride reduction method. Transmission electron microscopy revealed a quite homogenous distribution of the Pt nanoparticles over the support, with a mean particle size of about 3 nm. The electrochemical active surface area of Pt of 42±4 m2 g-1 was determined by the cyclic voltammetry technique. The kinetics of the HOR was investigated by linear sweep voltammetry at a rotating disc electrode in 0.5 mol dm-3 HClO4 solution. The determined value of the Tafel slope of 35 mV dec-1 and an exchange current density of 0.45 mA cm-2 per real surface area of the Pt are in good accordance with those already reported in the literature for the HOR at polycrystalline Pt and Pt nanocatalysts in acid solutions. This new catalyst exhibited better activity for the HOR in comparison with Pt nanocatalyst supported on Vulcan® XC-72R high area carbon.",
publisher = "Belgrade : Serbian Chemical Society",
journal = "Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society",
title = "A novel platinum-based nanocatalyst at a niobia-doped titania support for the hydrogen oxidation reaction",
pages = "1139-1152",
volume = "76",
number = "8",
doi = "10.2298/JSC100823100E"
}
Elezović, N., Babić, B. M., Radmilović, V. R., Gajić Krstajić, L., Krstajić, N.,& Vračar, L. (2011). A novel platinum-based nanocatalyst at a niobia-doped titania support for the hydrogen oxidation reaction.
Journal of the Serbian Chemical SocietyBelgrade : Serbian Chemical Society., 76(8), 1139-1152. 
https://doi.org/10.2298/JSC100823100E
Elezović N, Babić BM, Radmilović VR, Gajić Krstajić L, Krstajić N, Vračar L. A novel platinum-based nanocatalyst at a niobia-doped titania support for the hydrogen oxidation reaction. Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society. 2011;76(8):1139-1152
2
1
1

Synthesis, characterization and electrocatalytical behavior of Nb-TiO2/Pt nanocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction

Elezović, Nevenka R.; Babić, Biljana M.; Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana; Radmilović, Velimir R.; Krstajić, Nedeljko; Vračar, Ljiljana

(Elsevier, 2010)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Elezović, Nevenka R.
AU  - Babić, Biljana M.
AU  - Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana
AU  - Radmilović, Velimir R.
AU  - Krstajić, Nedeljko
AU  - Vračar, Ljiljana
PY  - 2010
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/3418
AB  - In order to point out the effect of the support to the catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction nano-crystalline Nb-doped TiO2 was synthesized through a modified sol-gel route procedure. The specific surface area of the support, SBET, and pore size distribution, were calculated from the adsorption isotherms using the gravimetric McBain method. The support was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. The borohydride reduction method was used to prepare Nb-TiO2 supported Pt (20 wt.%) catalyst. The synthesized catalyst was analyzed by TEM technique. Finally, the catalytic activity of this new catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction was investigated in acid solution, in the absence and the presence of methanol, and its activity was compared towards the results on C/Pt catalysts. Kinetic analysis reveals that the oxygen reduction reaction on Nb-TiO2/Pt catalyst follows four-electron process leading to water, as in the case of C/Pt electrode, but the Tafel plots normalized to the electrochemically active surface area show very remarkable enhancement in activity of Nb-TiO2/Pt expressed through the value of the current density at the constant potential. Moreover, Nb-TiO2/Pt catalyst exhibits higher methanol tolerance during the oxygen reduction reaction than the C/Pt catalyst. The enhancement in the activity of Nb-TiO2/Pt is consequence of both: the interactions of Pt nanoparticles with the support and the energy shift of the surface d-states with respect to the Fermi level what changes the surface reactivity. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Journal of Power Sources
T1  - Synthesis, characterization and electrocatalytical behavior of Nb-TiO2/Pt nanocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction
SP  - 3961
EP  - 3968
VL  - 195
IS  - 13
DO  - 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.01.035
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Elezović, Nevenka R. and Babić, Biljana M. and Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana and Radmilović, Velimir R. and Krstajić, Nedeljko and Vračar, Ljiljana",
year = "2010",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/3418",
abstract = "In order to point out the effect of the support to the catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction nano-crystalline Nb-doped TiO2 was synthesized through a modified sol-gel route procedure. The specific surface area of the support, SBET, and pore size distribution, were calculated from the adsorption isotherms using the gravimetric McBain method. The support was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique. The borohydride reduction method was used to prepare Nb-TiO2 supported Pt (20 wt.%) catalyst. The synthesized catalyst was analyzed by TEM technique. Finally, the catalytic activity of this new catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction was investigated in acid solution, in the absence and the presence of methanol, and its activity was compared towards the results on C/Pt catalysts. Kinetic analysis reveals that the oxygen reduction reaction on Nb-TiO2/Pt catalyst follows four-electron process leading to water, as in the case of C/Pt electrode, but the Tafel plots normalized to the electrochemically active surface area show very remarkable enhancement in activity of Nb-TiO2/Pt expressed through the value of the current density at the constant potential. Moreover, Nb-TiO2/Pt catalyst exhibits higher methanol tolerance during the oxygen reduction reaction than the C/Pt catalyst. The enhancement in the activity of Nb-TiO2/Pt is consequence of both: the interactions of Pt nanoparticles with the support and the energy shift of the surface d-states with respect to the Fermi level what changes the surface reactivity. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Journal of Power Sources",
title = "Synthesis, characterization and electrocatalytical behavior of Nb-TiO2/Pt nanocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction",
pages = "3961-3968",
volume = "195",
number = "13",
doi = "10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.01.035"
}
Elezović, N. R., Babić, B. M., Gajić Krstajić, L., Radmilović, V. R., Krstajić, N.,& Vračar, L. (2010). Synthesis, characterization and electrocatalytical behavior of Nb-TiO2/Pt nanocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction.
Journal of Power SourcesElsevier., 195(13), 3961-3968. 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.01.035
Elezović NR, Babić BM, Gajić Krstajić L, Radmilović VR, Krstajić N, Vračar L. Synthesis, characterization and electrocatalytical behavior of Nb-TiO2/Pt nanocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction. Journal of Power Sources. 2010;195(13):3961-3968
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Kinetic study of the hydrogen oxidation reaction on sub-stoichiometric titanium oxide-supported platinum electrocatalyst in acid solution

Babić, Biljana M.; Gulicovski, Jelena; Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana; Elezović, Nevenka; Radmilović, Velimir R.; Krstajić, Nedeljko; Vračar, Ljiljana

(Elsevier, 2009)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Babić, Biljana M.
AU  - Gulicovski, Jelena
AU  - Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana
AU  - Elezović, Nevenka
AU  - Radmilović, Velimir R.
AU  - Krstajić, Nedeljko
AU  - Vračar, Ljiljana
PY  - 2009
UR  - http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/3480
AB  - The kinetics and mechanism of the hydrogen oxidation reaction were studied in 0.5 mol dm-3 HClO4 solution on an electrode based on titanium oxide with Magneli phase structure-supported platinum electrocatalyst applied on rotation Au disk electrode. Pt catalyst was prepared by impregnation method from 2-propanol solution of Pt(NH3)2(NO2)2 and sub-stoichiometric titanium oxide powder. Sub-stiochiometric titanium oxide support was characterized by X-ray diffraction and BET techniques. The synthesized catalyst was analyzed by TEM technique. Based on Tafel-Heyrovsky-Volmer mechanism the corresponding kinetic equations were derived to describe the hydrogen oxidation current-potential behavior on RDE over the entire potential region. The polarization RDE curves were fitted with derived polarization equations according to proposed model. The fitting shows that the HOR on Pt proceeds most likely via the Tafel-Volmer (TV) pathway in the lower potential region, while the Heyrovsky-Volmer (HV) pathway is operative in the higher potential region. It is pointed out that Tafel equation that has been frequently used for the kinetics analysis in the HOR, can not reproduce the polarization curves measured with high mass-transport rates. Polarization measurements on RDE revealed that the Pt catalyst deposited on titanium suboxide support showed equal specific activity for the HOR compared to conventional carbon-supported Pt fuel cell catalyst. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
PB  - Elsevier
T2  - Journal of Power Sources
T1  - Kinetic study of the hydrogen oxidation reaction on sub-stoichiometric titanium oxide-supported platinum electrocatalyst in acid solution
SP  - 99
EP  - 106
VL  - 193
IS  - 1
DO  - 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.11.142
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Babić, Biljana M. and Gulicovski, Jelena and Gajić Krstajić, Ljiljana and Elezović, Nevenka and Radmilović, Velimir R. and Krstajić, Nedeljko and Vračar, Ljiljana",
year = "2009",
url = "http://dais.sanu.ac.rs/123456789/3480",
abstract = "The kinetics and mechanism of the hydrogen oxidation reaction were studied in 0.5 mol dm-3 HClO4 solution on an electrode based on titanium oxide with Magneli phase structure-supported platinum electrocatalyst applied on rotation Au disk electrode. Pt catalyst was prepared by impregnation method from 2-propanol solution of Pt(NH3)2(NO2)2 and sub-stoichiometric titanium oxide powder. Sub-stiochiometric titanium oxide support was characterized by X-ray diffraction and BET techniques. The synthesized catalyst was analyzed by TEM technique. Based on Tafel-Heyrovsky-Volmer mechanism the corresponding kinetic equations were derived to describe the hydrogen oxidation current-potential behavior on RDE over the entire potential region. The polarization RDE curves were fitted with derived polarization equations according to proposed model. The fitting shows that the HOR on Pt proceeds most likely via the Tafel-Volmer (TV) pathway in the lower potential region, while the Heyrovsky-Volmer (HV) pathway is operative in the higher potential region. It is pointed out that Tafel equation that has been frequently used for the kinetics analysis in the HOR, can not reproduce the polarization curves measured with high mass-transport rates. Polarization measurements on RDE revealed that the Pt catalyst deposited on titanium suboxide support showed equal specific activity for the HOR compared to conventional carbon-supported Pt fuel cell catalyst. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
publisher = "Elsevier",
journal = "Journal of Power Sources",
title = "Kinetic study of the hydrogen oxidation reaction on sub-stoichiometric titanium oxide-supported platinum electrocatalyst in acid solution",
pages = "99-106",
volume = "193",
number = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.11.142"
}
Babić, B. M., Gulicovski, J., Gajić Krstajić, L., Elezović, N., Radmilović, V. R., Krstajić, N.,& Vračar, L. (2009). Kinetic study of the hydrogen oxidation reaction on sub-stoichiometric titanium oxide-supported platinum electrocatalyst in acid solution.
Journal of Power SourcesElsevier., 193(1), 99-106. 
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2008.11.142
Babić BM, Gulicovski J, Gajić Krstajić L, Elezović N, Radmilović VR, Krstajić N, Vračar L. Kinetic study of the hydrogen oxidation reaction on sub-stoichiometric titanium oxide-supported platinum electrocatalyst in acid solution. Journal of Power Sources. 2009;193(1):99-106
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